Springs Road Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2895

Today (Monday 20th May 2019) is my first of two days off, after working seven straight at work.  Despite the weather forecast not being great, I decided to head down to the Fleurieu Peninsula to activate the Springs Road Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2895.  This is one of the newly added parks to the World Wide Flora Fauna (WWFF) program, and this would be a first-time activation of the park.

Screen Shot 2019-05-20 at 5.35.55 pm.png

Above:- Map showing the location of the Springs Road Native Forest Reserve.  Map courtesy of Protected Planet.

I left home at around 11.30 a.m. local time.  This was about a 90 km drive for me down through the southern Adelaide Hills and onto the Fleurieu.  My first stop was at the town of Myponga where I grabbed a bite to eat.  It is believed the name Myponga comes from the aboriginal word ‘maitpangga’ meaning ‘place of animal food’.  There are however other versions of how the town was named.

After picking up a pie and a drink at one of the local bakeries, I stopped a short distance down the road at the Myponga Reservoir which provides about 5% of the city of Adelaide’s water supply.  The area where I stopped is known as Lovely Valley.  There is a small information board here showing Lovely Valley before it was flooded by the waters of the Myponga Reservoir.  The valley was named by Governor Hindmarsh on his way through the district in 1838.

I continued along Main South Road, with the next town reached being Yankalilla.  I worked here back in the mid to late 1980s.  There are a number of opinions on how Yankalilla obtained its name.  It is suggested that it takes its name from the aboriginal word ‘jankalan’ meaning ‘falling’.  This is from an incident in the myth of Tjibrke, whose sister’s mummified body began to fall into pieces here, as he was carrying it from Brighton to Cape Jervis for burial.

I then took Inman Valley Road, stopping briefly at the Torrens Vale lookout.  This is well worth a stop.  The view here extends from Mount Hayfield in the west where the legendary aboriginal figure ‘Tjilbruke’ rose from the ground to Mount Robinson in the southeast.  The area in between these two landmarks is known as Torrens Vale, formerly called Dairy Flat.

Torrens Vale was an important early settlement from the 1850s.  In its heyday, there were six churches, four cemeteries, a butter factory, post office, blacksmiths shop, store, and a school.   Lieutenant William George Field R.N. first mate of Colonel William Light’s ship the ‘Rapid’, built is homestead ‘Hillside’ near the foot of Mount Hayfield.

From Torrens Vale Road, I took Parawa Road, stopping briefly at the Parawa information board near the Range Road junction.  Prior to the 1930s, the Parawa area remained almost unsettled, except a few hardy folks who grazed sheep.  During the late 1930s and through the 1940s, contractors using heavy machinery and rollers cleared large areas of land for farming.  Today Parawa is of South Australia’s most productive high rainfall regions, supporting Prime Lamb production, dairying and beef cattle grazing.


Above:- Parawa information board

I travelled west along Range Road and then turned right into Springs Road.  I soon reached the park which was well signposted.


The Springs Road Native Forest Reserve is about 89.6 hectares in size and forms part of the Second Valley Forest Reserve on the Fleurieu Peninsula, south of Adelaide.  The park is surrounded by cleared farming land and pine forest.

Screen Shot 2019-05-20 at 5.30.44 pm.png

Above:- An aerial shot of the park looking north back towards the towns of Normanville & Yankalilla.  Image courtesy of Google maps

The park protects native scrub on the Fleurieu Peninsula which has suffered in the past by activities such as grazing and timber felling.  Less than 15% of the original native scrub remains.

Native animals that call the park home include the Western Grey kangaroo, Short-beaked Echidna, and the nationally endangered Southern Brown Bandicoot.

I set up in the southeastern corner of the park off Springs Road, a short distance from Mount Hayfield Road.  There was an area here where I could pull off the road and park at the locked gate.  I walked about 30 metres in along a fire track and set up, running the Yaesu FT-857d, 40 watts and my 20/40/80m linked dipole.

Screen Shot 2019-05-20 at 5.35.42 pm.png

Above:- An aerial shot of the park showing my operating spot in the southeastern corner.  Image courtesy of Protected Planet.

After setting up I headed to 7.144 and asked if the frequency was in use.  Peter VK3PF came back to my call to advise that the frequency was clear.  After logging Peter I was called by Mark VK4SMA, then Geoff VK3SQ and John VK4TJ.  It took me just 6 minutes to qualify the park for the VKFF program, with contact number ten being with Ray VK4NH.

Despite it being a weekday, it was pleasing to see a steady flow of callers.  I logged a total of 24 stations on 40m before callers dried up.  I had not logged any local South Australian stations on 40m and it appeared there was no close in propagation on that band.  So I headed down to 80m and called CQ on 3.610.  First in the log was David VK5PL with a strong 5/9 plus signal.  David had posted on Facebook that he was unable to hear me on 40m so it was good to be able to get David in the log on 80m.

Unfortunately, I only logged 3 stations on 80m, all VK5’s, despite the band being in very good shape.  I then headed off to the 20m band.  I called CQ on 14.310 and logged Mark VK4SMA, followed by Kevin VK6AB/p.  To my surprise, my tenth contact on 20m was with Karl VE6KDX in Albert Canada.  This was followed by Bobby AJ4EN in South Carolina in the USA.  I also logged Paul ZL2CQ and Ken ZL4KD in New Zealand.

With 15 stations in the log on 20m and small drops of rain, it was time to head back to the 40m band to pick up 2 more contacts for my 44 QSOs required to qualify the park for the global WWFF program.

I called CQ on 7.144.  Joseph VK5WU came back to my call, followed by Brett VK2VW, and then Peter VK3KAI/VK3GV.  The rain was starting to get heavier.  I put out a last quick call and logged Ken VK3UH and then Alan VK2MG.  Sadly I had to go QRT, as the rain was really starting to come down heavy now.  I’m sorry to anyone else who was there waiting to work me.  I will return to the park.

I had qualified the park, got wet in the process, and it was time to head home, having qualified the park with 48 contacts in a little over one hour.

Thank you to everyone who called and a big THANKYOU to those who took the time to spot me.  Sadly it continues to be the same people over and over again who spot on parksnpeaks.  Many use it to their advantage, but never spot, which is rather disappointing.

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK4SMA
  3. VK3SQ
  4. VK4TJ
  5. VK4/AC8WN
  6. VK4/VE6XT
  7. VK4FDJL
  8. VK7JON
  9. VK3TKK/m
  10. VK4NH
  11. VK4DXA
  12. ZL4TY/VK4
  13. VK4FARR
  14. VK2NP
  15. VK2KNV/m
  16. VK4HNS
  17. VK3PNG
  18. VK2IO
  19. VK3DEK
  20. VK2WQ
  21. VK3ZZS
  22. VK3AHR
  23. VK3PAT
  24. VK3MCK
  25. VK5WU
  26. VK2VW
  27. VK3KAI
  28. VK3GV
  29. VK3UH
  30. VK2MG

I worked the following stations on 80m SSB:-

  1. VK5PL
  2. VK5WU
  3. VK5KGP

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK4SMA
  2. VK6AB/p
  3. VK6ALF
  4. VK3MCK
  5. VK2NP
  6. VK4TJ
  7. VK4/AC8WN
  8. VK4/VE6XT
  9. ZL2CQ
  10. VE6KDX
  11. AJ4EN
  12. ZL4KD
  13. VK3SQ
  14. VK2MG
  15. VK4PDX



Forestry SA, 2016, ‘Kalamunda, Springs Road, & Congeratinga Native Forest Reserves Management Plan’

State Library of South Australia, 2019, <http://www.slsa.ha.sa.gov.au/digitalpubs/placenamesofsouthaustralia/>, viewed 20th May 2019

Wikipedia, 2019, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myponga_Reservoir>, viewed 20th May 2019

Gondwana Rainforests Award

The Gondwana Rainforests of Australia include the most extensive areas of subtropical rainforest in the world, extending past Newcastle to the south-east of Queensland.  The Gondwana Rainforests of Australia are World Heritage listed, thriving with plants and wildlife, and an outstanding example of the major stages of Earth’s evolution.

To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Gondwana Rainforests of Australia, the VKFF program is offering the Gondwana Rainforests Award.

The award is issued to activators and hunters who during 209, activate/work:-

  • 5 Gondwana parks
  • 10 Gondwana parks
  • 15 Gondwana parks
  • 20 Gondwana parks
  • 25 Gondwana parks
  • 30 Gondwana parks
  • All 34 Gondwana parks

More information can be found at……


VK5PAS Gondwana Hunter 5.png

Nixon’s Windmill, Hahndorf – 2019 Mills on the Air Weekend

On Sunday (12th May 2019) Marija and I had booked a tour of the old Government Treasury building in Adelaide.  This was as part of History Month being held in South Australia.

The building was built in stages between 1839 to 1907.  During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, about 17,000 South Australian’s travelled to Victoria to make their fortune.  A gold escort route was established and 327,000 ounces of gold was brought to Adelaide and stored in the Treasury building.

The old Treasury building was the centre of South Australia’s administrative and government affairs for around 130 years, and up until 1968 housed the Government Cabinet Room.

This was a very interesting tour.  And importantly, the building is now the Adina Hotel and home of the Treasury Bar, Kitchen and Courtyard. Why important?  This is where I met my lovely wife Marija.

After leaving Adelaide, we headed back up into the Adelaide Hills to Nixons Mill at Hahndorf, for a quick activation for the Mills on the Air Weekend.

The Mills on the Air Weekend is held each year in May and is a great way to promote the hobby of amateur radio, whilst also highlighting the preservation of these very historic structures.  The Mills on the Air Weekend is timed to coincide with National Mills Weekend.  The event is organised in conjunction with the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB).

The Mills on the Air Weekend commenced about 9 years ago when Jasmine G4KFP, a member of the Denby Dale Amateur Radio Society, submitted an item in the RSGB news asking if any amateur was willing to put on a station at a windmill or watermill.  Jasmine also contacted SPAB and initially agreed for 6 groups of amateurs to establish stations at 6 mills.  The word soon spread, and participants increased to 30.

The Mills on the Air Weekend is NOT a contest.  It is just a great opportunity of promoting the hobby of amateur radio and promoting heritage.


The Mount Barker district developed as a milling centre with the establishment of early flour mills during the 1840s.  This was just a few years after the proclamation of South Australia in December 1836.  In 1842, John Dunn constructed the first wind-powered mill for grinding wheat at Hay Valley near Nairne.  The first steam-powered flour mill outside Adelaide was established in 1844 at Mount Barker, also by John Dunn, which ceased operations in 1894.

Between 1841-1842, construction was undertaken of a wind-powered mill at Hahndorf for Frederick Robert Nixon (1817-1860), who was part of Colonel William Light’s team or surveyors.  The mill was located on a small hill overlooking the road between Hahndorf and Mount Barker, referred to as West Hill, and subsequently known as “Windmill Hill”.  Nixon had purchased the land on the 6th of May 1841.  Nixon’s mill opened up an important agricultural area of the State, grinding over half a million bushels of wheat in one season.  It was the second wind-driven flour mill in the Mount Barker district.

The tower structure of the mill, which is 9.05 metres high,  is constructed of random coursed stone rubble and is about 75cm thick.  There were four working levels in the mill, with one window at the second level and two windows at the third level.  Two doors existed at ground level, with one of those having been bricked up.  A circular cap structure was located at the top of the tower which sat on a base of two large horizontal beams called sheer tress.  A movable boat-shaped cap rested on a track that rotated around the top of the tower on a well-greased metal curb.

The sail frames were constructed of hardwood and canvas sheets were furled like a curtain to cover different areas of the frames dependant on wind velocity.  The sails had a sweep of 17 metres in diameter.  The mill contained a large wooden brake wheel which was connected to the wind shaft that was driven by the wind in the sails.  A wallower was fixed to the main shaft and this was driven by wooden teeth on the brake wheel.  The millstones were rotated as a result of the great spur gear which was connected to the lower end of the main shaft which drove the smaller wooden gears.


During 1844, Walter Paterson, a farmer from Mount Barker purchased the property.  Then in 1853, Johann Friedrich Wittwer purchased the windmill for £320.  He and his son Friedrich Wilhelm Wittwer operated the mill along with other mills in the area.

Milling at Nixon’s site ceased in 1864 as it was no longer able to compete with steam mills.  Friedrich Wittwer closed the mill following the death of his father and moved the millstones and machinery to a steam mill that he had built in Hahndorf.  The mill was subsequently purchased by the Braendler family in 1880.

Since this time the mill has been subjected to bushfires, storm damage and sadly vandalism and neglect.  Various attempts at repair and restoration have been carried out over the years.

During a large bushfire in 1912, the Sheaok timbers and working parts of the windmill were destroyed.  It remained in a derelict state until 1928, when the mill was converted into a lookout tower as a result of the efforts of a group of prominent businessmen, funded by public subscription.


Article from The Mount Barker Courier, Fri 11 Jan 1929

At this time A.E. Braendler donated the windmill and some surrounding land to the Mount Barker District Council.   A bushfire destroyed the staircase and the upper portion of the windmill during 1939.


Nixon’s Mill, 1929, as a lookout.  Image courtesy of localwiki.org

Between 1961 and 1966, a major restoration was carried out by the Mount Barker Apex Club, which included the installation of a dome roof and four dummy sail-spars.  The Honourable Steele Hall opened the restored windmill to the public on the 20th November 1966.


Opening ceremony in 1966 of Nixon’s Windmill.


Nixons Mill, c. 1960’s, prior to storm damage and vandalism attacks.  Image courtesy of localwiki.org

In 1975 a severe storm resulted in one of the sail arms being torn off.  This was followed by a number of vandalism attacks.   In 1980 an $80,000 appeal to restore the mill was officially launched at a fundraising dinner where Mr David Wotton, the Minister for Environment and Planning was the guest speaker.  A Windmill Restoration Committee was established at this time, but unfortunately, the required funds were not obtained.


The windmill in 1975 showing the sheared off sail arm.  Image courtesy of localwiki.org

During 1983 stabilisation of the windmill structure, masonry repair, waterproofing and repairs to the doors and windows were carried out.  In 1988, requests for a grant of $100,000 from the South Australian State Government were sought.  The proposal included the replacement of the mill sails and restoration of the interior of the mill to working order.  Additionally, it was suggested that a cottage, shop and historic display centre could be built.  Sadly, funding did not eventuate.

In 2016, painting, signage and major site upgrading was conducted by the Mount Barker District Council in collaboration with the Apex Club of Mount Barker.


Steam cleaning of the tower prior to repainting, 2016.  Image courtesy of localwiki.org

Marija and I set up only a few metres away from the structure.  We had plenty of onlookers during the activation, but not those who asked us questions.  The Hahndorf Farm barn is right next door to the mill.

There are a number of information boards at the site, which tells the interesting history of Nixon’s Windmill.


I kicked off the activation by calling CQ on 7.150.  Chris VK2SR was first in the log, followed by Keith VK3MKE, John VK2JON, and then Rick VK4RF.  The 40m band seemed to be in pretty good shape and a small pile up soon ensued.  Sadly a lot of people didn’t hang around to break the pile up.  Folks, please be patient.   It might take a few minutes, but I will get to you.

During the activation, Paul VK5PH turned up to have a look at out portable set up.  Whilst Marija chatted to Paul I continued to work the callers, logging a total of 36 stations before swapping the mic with Marija.  This included a contact with Jonathan VK7JON who was activating the Don Heads Conservation Area VKFF-2903.


Marija’s first contact was with Brodie VK3FMGI/4, followed by Rick VK4RF, and then Peter VK2KNV/m.  Marija logged a total of 11 stations before I jumped back into the ‘driver’s seat’.  Marija’s contacts were made with her 10 watts PEP into VK2, VK3, and VK4.


I logged a further 6 stations on 40m, including Gary ZL3SV in New Zealand who was a big signal.  It was getting very cold, with the temperature down to 10 deg C and I was pushing my luck on Mothers Day.  So it was down with the squid pole and in with the 80m band links.

I called CQ on 3.610 where I logged 10 stations, including Gary ZL3SV who was strong on 80m just as he was on 40m.  I also spoke with Scott VK3FSPN/p who was initially running 1 watt and then dropped his power down to 100 milliwatts.  The video below shows the contacts with ZL3SV on 40m and 80m and the contact with VK3FSPN.

Marija and I then packed up and headed off to the supermarket and then home for dinner.  Many thanks to everyone who called.  We had logged 63 stations from VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5, VK7, and New Zealand, in around 90 minutes.  Hopefully next year we don’t have as much on our social calendar, and I can devote some more time at the Mill.


I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK2SR
  2. VK3MKE
  3. VK2JON
  4. VK4RF
  5. VK4HA
  6. VK2VH
  7. VK3SQ
  8. VK4FAAT
  9. VK7JON/p (Don Heads Conservation Area VKFF-2903)
  10. VK2QK
  11. VK2HHA
  12. VK2JXA
  13. VK4HNS
  14. VK2PKT
  15. VK4FDJL
  16. VK5FANA
  17. VK2FAAA
  18. VK3YW
  19. VK7DIK
  20. ZL1TM
  21. VK2KNV/m
  22. VK4SMA
  23. VK6MB/3
  24. VK3PF
  25. VK2JDR
  26. VK3AHR
  27. VK4PDX
  28. VK2HTM
  29. VK3ATO
  30. VK3GB
  31. VK3PI
  32. VK5FCRO/2
  33. VK5KLV
  34. VK3PDC
  35. VK7HCK
  36. VK3IO
  37. VK4MRP
  38. ZL3SV
  39. VK2HMV
  40. VK2UXO
  41. VK3UH
  42. VK4SYD

I worked the following stations on 80m SSB:-

  1. VK2UXO
  2. VK3UH
  3. VK3FSPN/p (QRP)
  4. ZL3SV
  5. VK5VCR
  6. VK7DIK
  7. VK3KTT
  8. VK5QD
  9. VK5AJR
  10. VK5YX

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3FMGI/4
  2. VK4RF
  3. VK4HA
  4. VK2KNV/m
  5. VK2UXO
  6. VK2IWU
  7. VK3ATO
  8. VK2FSAV
  9. VK3UH
  10. VK4SMA
  11. VK4MRP




Adelaide City Heritage, 2019, <http://www.adelaideheritage.net.au/all-site-profiles/treasury-building/>, viewed 14th May 2019

localwiki, 2019, <https://localwiki.org/adelaide-hills/Nixon%27s_Windmill&gt;, viewed 14th May 2019

South Bristol Amateur Radio Club, 2019, <https://www.sbarc.co.uk/club-activities/mills-on-the-air/&gt;, viewed 14th May 2019

Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2884

Yesterday (Monday 6th May 2018) was my first of 2 days off from work after working 7 straight.  The weather forecast was for a fine and sunny day with lots of rain to follow on Tuesday.  So I packed the 4WD and headed to the Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2884.

The reserve is located about 50 km northeast of the city of Adelaide, and about 8 km southeast of the town of Williamstown which is on the southern fringe of the Barossa Valley wine growing region.

This would be a unique park for me, and a park which has only just been added to the World Wide Flora Fauna (WWFF) program.

Screen Shot 2019-05-05 at 9.05.12 pm.png

Above:- Map showing the location of the Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve

The Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve is about 177 hectares and consists of native vegetation which is located in the Mount Crawford Forest Reserve.  The park is surrounded by pine plantations and farmland.  The reserve was proclaimed on the 15th day of March 2001.  The reserve was formerly known as ‘Jenkins Scrub’ as the land was owned by the Jenkins family.  It is assumed that Little Mount Crawford was named due to its close proximity to Mount Crawford which rises to 562 metres above sea level.

Screen Shot 2019-05-05 at 9.11.18 pm.png

Above:- An aerial view of the Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve, looking north towards the famous Barossa Valley.  Image courtesy of google maps.

The aboriginal name for Mount Crawford was Teetáka.  However, there are various versions of how Mount Crawford was named by the Europeans.  It is believed however that it was named in 1839 by explorer Charles Sturt after James Coutts Crawford (1817 – 1889) who arrived overland from New South Wales with his drovers in April 1839 with 700 cattle.  They set up a hut and cattle run at the base of the mount.


Above:- James Coutts Crawford.  Image courtesy of Wikipedia

The park contains plant species of high conservation value including Banksia marginata (Silver Banksia) Woodland.  The Nationally Vulnerable Pale Leek-orchid can be found in the park.  The reserve is characterised by a large number of hollow trees and logs which provide important fauna habitat.  This has mainly occurred due to the area not being burnt since about 1920.  Firewood cutting has not occurred since the early 1970s, and grazing has not occurred since the early 1950s.


This is a particularly beautiful part of the northern section of the ‘Adelaide Hills’ Mount Lofty Ranges, with rolling hills, scrub, and vineyards.

Native birds located in the park include the Yellow-tailed black cockatoo, Scarlet Robin, and White-winged Chough.  Native mammals which call the park home include Western Grey Kangaroo, Short-beaked Echidna, Bush Rat, Common Brushtail possum, and Common Ringtail possum.

I travelled from home through the towns of Nairne and Woodside, and then on to Charleston.  I then headed north to Birdwood, the home of the National Motor Museum, and then north on Warren Road.  I soon reached the reserve which is well signposted on Mount Road.

There are a number of potential operating spots along Mount Road.  I headed to the northwestern section of the park.  There is a large area here where you can pull in off the road, and plenty of room to stretch out a dipole.

Screen Shot 2019-05-05 at 9.04.29 pm.png

Above:- A map showing the Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve, showing my operating spot in the northwestern part of the park.  Map courtesy of Forestry SA.

I ran the Yaesu FT-857d and the 20/40/80m linked dipole for this activation.  Power output was 40 watts.

I headed for the WWFF operating frequency of 7.144 and asked if the frequency was in use.  Peter VK3PF came back to me advising that it was all clear.  After logging Peter who had a strong 5/9 signal, I spoke with Tom VK3ATO and then Geoff VK3SQ.

Despite it being a weekday it did not take me long to get the required 10 contacts to qualify the park for the VKFF program.  Contact number ten was with Alex VK3MPC who had a strong 5/9 signal.

Band conditions were average, with some good strong signals to and from Victoria, but apparent average-poor conditions down to Tasmania.  I logged a total of 34 stations on 7.144 from VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5, and VK7.  This included some local stations: David VK5PL at nearby Williamstown, Adrian VK5FANA on the Yorke Peninsula, Ian VK5CZ in the Clare Valley, and Les VK5KLV/p who was activating the Upper Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1757.


Above:- ‘the shack’ in the Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve.

It was a beautiful sunny morning with hardly a cloud in the sky.  The serenity of the park was only broken occasionally by light aircraft on their way to the Parafield Airport in the northern suburbs of Adelaide.


With just 10 contacts to go for my 44, I headed to 14.310 on the 20m band.  After a self spot on parksnpeaks I called CQ.  Brett VK2VW, who I had worked on 40m, came back to my call.  Although we were both low down to each other, we were able to comfortably exchange signal reports.  I logged a further 8 stations, all from Queensland, bar Cliff VK2NP in Sydney.

I was now just one short of 44, and it was off to the 80m band.  Les VK5KLV/p in VKFF-1757 was first in the log on 80m and credited for getting me over the line with 44 QSOs.  I logged a further 5 stations on 80m, all from South Australia, excluding Mike VK6MB/3 who is on a trip through Victoria.

I then moved back to 40m and called CQ on 7.139, logging a further 10 stations from VK2, VK3, and VK4.  I then lowered the squid pole and replaced the linked dipole with my 15m dipole.  I spotted on parksnpeaks and called CQ on 21.244 for about 10 minutes, but sadly had no takers.  I tuned across the band and did not find a single signal on the band.

I then saw a post on Facebook from Hans VK5YX to say he was listening on 15m but could not hear me.  I arranged to give Hans a call on 80m.  It was quickly down with the 15m antenna, and back up with the linked dipole.  I logged Hans on 80m from the southern suburbs of Adelaide, with a 5/9 plus signal.


I had been in the park for about 2 & 1/2 hours and it was time to pack up.  I had qualified the park for WWFF and VKFF with 60 contacts in the log, including two Park to Park QSOs.

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3ATO
  3. VK3SQ
  4. VK6MB/3
  5. VK7JON
  6. VK5PL
  7. VK4FDJL
  8. VK3MCK
  9. VK2IO/m
  10. VK3MPC
  11. VK3MIJ
  12. VK2NP
  13. VK2VK
  14. VK4SYD
  15. VK5FANA
  16. VK4AAC/2
  17. VK2BH
  18. VK3MKE
  19. VK3FMKE
  20. VK2KNV/m
  21. VK7EI
  22. VK3MKM
  23. VK5VZ
  24. VK4TJ
  25. VK4/AC8WN
  26. VK4/VE6XT
  27. VK3ANX
  28. VK4NH
  29. VK4DXA
  30. ZL4TY/VK4
  31. VK3UH
  32. VK5KLV/p (Upper Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1757)
  33. VK3FPSR
  34. VK2VW
  35. VK3AHR
  36. VK3FPEM
  37. VK3TKK/m
  38. VK4RF
  39. VK4HA
  40. VK2CA
  41. VK3WRL/p
  42. VK3ELH
  43. VK2XSE/m
  44. VK3PAT

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK2VW
  2. VK2NP
  3. VK4TJ
  4. VK4/AC8WN
  5. VK4/VE6XT
  6. VK4SYD
  7. VK4YKI
  8. VK4MWB
  9. VK4SMA

I worked the following stations on 80m SSB:-

  1. VK5KLV/p (Upper Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1757)
  2. VK6MB/3
  3. VK5FANA
  4. VK5PL
  5. VK5BJE
  6. VK5WU
  7. VK5YX

After packing up I drove along Mount Road to the old Murray Vale Presbyterian Church.  All that remains are the stone ruins of this church which was built in 1843.  The church served several denominations until it was destroyed by a bushfire in 1869.  Remedial works to preserve the remains of the church were undertaken by the Barossa Council in July 2018.

The adjacent Mount Crawford cemetery was established in 1845 and is still being used as a public cemetery.

I then travelled back along Mount Road to the Jenkins Scrub Walking Trail, and took a walk along the 2.9 km circuit.  There is an information board here with lots of interesting facts about Forest Reserves and this section of scrub.

This is an easy walk which takes between 30-60 minutes.  I highly recommend it if you are visiting Little Mount Crawford.

The track is well signposted and parts of the track form the famous Heysen Trail.

I took the zoom lens with me during my walk and took the time to take a few bird photographs along the way.

In the top section of the walk, you can see an old mine shaft.  Gold mining commenced in 1884 and continued into the early 1900s.  Small quantities of gold were found here, but this mine was not profitable.  The Gummeracha Goldfields to the southwest produced significant amounts of gold and are still visited by many keen fossickers.


Above:- Mine shaft in the park.

I then headed home for a late lunch.  Thanks to everyone who called me during the activation, and a big thanks to those who took the time to spot me.




Birds SA, 2019, <https://birdssa.asn.au/location/little-mount-crawford-native-forest-reserve-jenkins-reserve/>, viewed 7th May 2019

Forestry SA, 2016, Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve Management Plan

Wikipedia, 2019, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Crawford_(South_Australia)>, viewed 7th May 2019

Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2887

After packing up at Mount Gawler I headed to the Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2887.  This would be another first-time activation of this particular park.  The park is located about 8 km north of the town of Kersbrook and about 37 km north east of the city of Adelaide.

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 9.26.39 pm.png

Above:- Map showing the location of the Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve.  Map courtesy of Protected Planet.

The Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve is 842 hectares in size and comprises a parcel of scrub representative of the original vegetation of the Southern Mount Lofty Ranges.

The park is part of a large area of native forest which extends southward from the South Para Reservoir about 5 km south-west of Williamstown in the southern part of the Barossa Vallet.  The forest area is referred to as Old Kersbrook.  The park is surrounded by private land holdings.  The Para Wirra Recreation Park and Humbug Scrub private sanctuary adjoins the west side of Kersbrook NFR.

Screen Shot 2019-04-28 at 10.20.14 am.png

Above:- Map of the Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve.  Map courtesy of Forestry SA.

The devastating January 2015 Sampson Flat bushfire burnt out most of the Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve, stopping in the north of the park at the Castle yard Track.


The Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve is one of 15 NFR’s in the Mount Lofty Ranges.  The reserve is dominated by Long-leaf Box and Pink Gum, over a diverse shrub and understorey of native plants.  Two species of nationally endangered native orchid occur here.

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 9.20.21 pm.png

Above:- An aerial shot of the Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve, looking north towards the famous wine growing region of the Barossa Valley.  Image courtesy of google maps.

I headed north on the Kersbrook Road and soon saw a significant plume of smoke off in the distance.  It appeared to be very close to where I wanted to go.  A check of the Country Fire Service website failed to reveal any active fires, so I presume it was a controlled burn.


Above:- Looking north from the Kersbrook Road.

It was a bit of a challenge to get into the reserve.  I had studied the maps prior to leaving home and it appeared that this may have been a walk in.  My GPS first took me down Sheoak Road which was meant to run into Ridge Road.  However, Sheoak Road was a no through road.

So I turned around and headed back out onto the Kersbrook Road, travelling south.  The GPS then took me into another track which turned out to be a dead end.  Things were not looking good.  It was time to study the map again.

I decided to head north along Bassnet Road which took me into the little locality of Humbug Scrub which was severely impacted by the Sampson Flat bushfire.  During the 1800s, German settlers on their way to the Barossa Valley called this area Hamburg Scrub.  English speaking locals re-named it Humbug Scrub because the bushland was considered to be ‘very deceptive and incomprehensively embarrassing’ with people often getting lost in the scrub.

There is a bus shelter here which tells the history of the Humbug Scrub area.  The bus shelter was built in the 1970s.  At school drop off and pick up times the bus shelter became a popular meeting place for parents.  In the aftermath of the Sampson Flat bushfire, the bus shelter once again became a popular meeting place for local residents, despite the fact that it had been damaged by fire.  It was subsequently redesigned and information boards were placed at the shelter.


I continued north on Bassnet Road which soon led into Humbug Scrub Road.  It was not looking good for access points into the park.  But upon reaching the corner of Humbug Scrub Road and Bassnet Road I saw a sign for the park.  It was a welcome sight.

There were some beautiful views here of the reserve and the adjacent pine forests and hills.


Sadly, there was a lot of rubbish dumped here which did not seem to be attracting the attention of the authorities with respect to clean up.

As I was offloading my gear a Foresty SA vehicle pulled up and I explained what I was doing.  He seemed fine and discussed an old radio he previously had which he listened to overseas broadcast stations on.  I also confirmed that the smoke was from a controlled burn off.

After setting up on Cattleyard Track, I headed to 7.144 where I found Helen VK7FOLK/p and Jonathan VK7JON/p activating the Stanley Conservation Area VKFF-2919 in Tasmania.  I logged both Helen and Jonathan, and then headed down the band to 7.139.  I asked if the frequency was in use and Peter VK3PF came back to advise the frequency was clear.

After logging Peter, I called CQ and Deryck VK4FDL responded, followed by Peter VK3ZPF and then Damien VK3FRAB.  A flurry of callers followed, and it took me just 6 minutes to get contact number 10 in the log, a QSO with Cliff VK2NP.  I had qualified the park for VKFF.  Contact number 11 was another Park to Park, this time with Mike VK6MB/3 who was activating the Chiltern-Mount Pilot National Park VKFF-0620.

It took me just 24 minutes to qualify the park for the global WWFF program with 44 contacts.  I logged a total of 56 stations on 40m from VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4, VK7, New Zealand and Spain.  This included a Park to Park with Neil VK4HNS/p who was in the Main Range National Park VKFF-0300, a contact with Peter VK3YE/p who was pedestrian mobile on the beach at Chelsea, and a contact with Deme EA5IPC in Spain which was a big surprise.


I then decided to try my luck with some DX on 20m.  I headed to 14.310 and found Greg VK4VXX/6 calling CQ from Stokes National Park VKFF-0468.  I then moved down to 14.305 and started calling CQ.  Murray VK4MWB came back to my call, followed by Glenn VK2WGW, and then Giancarlo IZ1AWC in Italy with a good strong 5/9 signal.  I logged a further seven stations on 20m including IZ8DFO in Italy and UT5PI in Ukraine.

One sad point of this activation was the response I received from an amateur on 14.307.  I had been operating on 14.305 for 15 minutes when some German speaking stations came up on 14.307, just 2 kc above me.  It was clear that one was from Australia, as he was very strong.  I went up to 14.307 and asked politely if they would QSY a little bit away from me.  I was ignored.  I asked again and was told by the Australian station ‘we have used this frequency for 30 years’.  I informed this gentleman that he did not ‘own’ the frequency and again asked if they would mind QSYing.  Sadly they ignored me, and I decided not to push the issue and I headed to 80m.  So I apologise in advance to anyone who may have been calling me.

I then called CQ on 3.610 on the 80m band and this was answered by Adrian VK5FANA on the Yorke Peninsula with a big signal.  I logged a further 6 stations from VK1, VK3, & VK5, including my wife Marija VK5FMAZ.

To conclude the activation I moved back to 40m where I logged a further 9 stations, including a Park to Park with Greg VK4VXX/6 in VKFF-0468.


I now had 84 contacts in the log, including 6 Park to Park contacts, and the temperature had dropped to 12 deg C.  It was getting cold and dark and it was time to pack up and head home.

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK7JON/p (Stanley Conservation Area VKFF-2919)
  2. VK7FOLK/p (Stanley Conservation Area VKFF-2919)
  3. VK3PF
  4. VK4FDJL
  5. VK3ZPF
  6. VK3FRAB
  7. VK2LX
  8. VK4RF
  9. VK4HA
  10. VK2NP
  11. VK6MB/3 (Chiltern-Mount Pilot National Park VKFF-0620)
  12. VK3SQ
  13. VK3DBP
  14. VK4SMA
  15. VK4AAC/3
  16. VK2VH/3
  17. VK3NCC/m
  18. VK3BSG
  19. VK3DAC
  20. VK4CZ
  21. VK7DW
  22. ZL1TM
  23. VK4FARR
  24. VK7ME
  25. VK3ZE
  26. VK4NH
  27. VK4DXA
  28. ZL4TY/VK4
  29. VK3LTL
  30. VK2HHA
  31. VK2IO/m
  32. VK4HNS/p (Main Range National Park VKFF-0300)
  33. VK3AHR
  34. VK2PKT
  35. VK3FPSR
  36. VK3ARH
  37. VK2YK
  38. VK3ANL
  39. EA5IPC
  40. VK3UH
  41. VK1CT
  42. VK2JXA
  43. VK3TKK/m
  44. VK2MG
  45. VK3YE//p (pedestrian mobile)
  46. VK2YE
  47. VK3FBAA
  48. VK4MWB
  49. VK2FRKA
  50. VK3BHR
  51. VK3PI
  52. VK3MCK
  53. VK4BX
  54. VK3UCD
  55. VK2JAZ
  56. VK2VW
  57. VK1TX
  58. VK3MPR
  59. VK3GB
  60. VK4TJ
  61. VK5WU
  62. VK3ATO
  63. VK2UH
  64. VK3BCM
  65. VK4VXX/6 (Stokes National Park VKFF-0468)

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK4VXX/6 (Stokes National Park VKFF-0468)
  2. VK4MWB
  3. VK2WGW
  4. IZ1AWC
  5. VK4NH
  6. VK4DXA
  7. ZL4TY/VK4
  8. VK4BX
  9. VK4TJ
  10. IZ8DFO
  11. UT5PI

I worked the following stations on 80m SSB:-

  1. VK5FANA
  2. VK3BSG
  3. VK5FMAZ
  4. VK5FLEA
  5. VK3MAB
  6. VK1DI
  7. VK3ZPF
  8. VK3MPR




Forestry SA, 2016, Kersbrook & Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserves Management Plan.

Mount Gawler VK5/ SE-013 and the Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2888

Yesterday (Sunday 28th April 2019) I activated Mount Gawler VK5/ SE-013 for the Summits on the Air (SOTA) program, which is located in the Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2888.

I have activated Mount Gawler many times previously, but this was a new calendar year and I would pick up another 2 SOTA activator points.  This brings my SOTA activator points up to 397.  At this rate, I will end up getting to Mount Goat level by the time I am 65.  A big fat 1,000 points are required to reach the illustrious Mountain Goat level.

This was to be a first-time activation of the Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2888, which has only just recently been added to the World Wide Flora Fauna (WWFF) program.

Mount Gawler is located near Kersbrook in the Adelaide Hills, about 35 km northeast of the city of Adelaide.

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 6.48.45 pm.png

Above:- Map showing the location of the Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserve.  Map courtesy of Protected Planet.

I left home at around 10.30 a.m. and headed towards Kersbook.  It is a beautiful drive from my home in Mount Barker, north out through the Mount Lofty Ranges ‘Adelaide Hills’, through the towns of Nairne, Woodside, Lobethal, Gummeracha and then Kersbrook.

I travelled down Checker Hill Road towards the South Para Road and admired the terrific views towards Mount Gawler.  Checker Hill Road is often used in the Tour Down Under cycle race as part of the King of the Mountain Hill climb.

The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) categories Checker Hill as a category 2 climb (the second hardest).  Checker Hill is described as short but fierce, boasting an average gradient of 14.2%, with a maximum of around 20%.  It has been described as a challenge even for the pros to conquer.


I then travelled into the town of Kersbrook which was named in 1841 by John Bowden who had arrived in South Australia aboard the Royal Admiral in 1838.  He took up land in the district and called his property ‘Kersbrook’ after his birthplace in Cornwall, England.

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 8.10.57 pm.png

Above:- John Bowden, who founded Kersbrook.  Image courtesy of SA State Library

I then travelled west on the Kersbrook-One Tree Hill and soon reached Mount Gawler Road where I turned left.  On your right, you will see a sign for Mount Crawford Forest.  This is on the western side of Mount Gawler Road.  This is not the park.  Nor is the pine plantation on the eastern side of the road.  The park is a little further up on the eastern side of the road.


Above:- The pine plantation near the corner of Kersbrook Road & Mount Gawler Road.

This area was devastated by the Sampson Flat bushfire in January 2015.  The fire was the most destructive in the Adelaide Hills for more than 30 years.  It burnt an area of 12,569 hectares and destroyed 24 homes, 146 other structures, and five business premises.   The majority of the Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserve was burnt out.

The Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve is part of the Mount Crawford Forest Reserve.  It is 1,044 hectares in size and is a significant conservation area as it is representative of the original vegetation in the Southern Mount Lofty Ranges.

The park has two distinct sections.  One on the eastern side of Mount Gawler Road, and the other on the western side of the road.

Screen Shot 2019-04-28 at 10.17.32 am.png

Above:- Map showing the Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserve, and my operating spot.  Map courtesy of Forestry SA

Numerous native bird species can be found in the park, however, it is suspected that bird abundance and diversity has been reduced due to loss of habitat resources.  The Nationally Endangered Chestnut-rumped Heathwren was recorded in Mount Gawler prior to the Sampson Flat bushfire.

Native mammals found in the park are Western Grey kangaroo, Yellow-footed antechinus, koala, Short-beaked echidna, and Common Brush-tailed possum.


Above:- A Western-grey kangaroo I encountered on the Mount Gawler Road.

Mount Gawler is 541 metres above sea level and is the most activated SOTA summit in South Australia.  It was first activated by Andy VK5AKH and has been activated 35 times since.

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 8.41.32 pm.png

Above:- Graph showing activations per year of Mount Gawler VK5/ SE-013.  Graph courtesy of Summits on the Air.

I set up just inside gate MG19, which is almost directly opposite the Mount Gawler trig point.  The trig point is located on private property.  This is well and truly within the activation zone of Mount Gawler.  I made a few trips to and from the car, and as this was an easy activation I had the luxury of my fold up table and deck chair.

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 6.40.27 pm.png

Above:- An aerial view of Mount Gawler, showing the location of the trig point, and my operating spot.  Image courtesy of google maps.

There were some very nice views from here out to the east towards Mount Pleasant and the Eden Valley.

I ran the Yaesu FT-857d, and the 20/40/80m linked dipole for this activation, with a power output of about 40 watts.  There was plenty of room to stretch out the dipole.

I headed to 7.144 after setting up and found Mike VK6MB/3 calling CQ from the Chiltern- Mount Pilot National Park VKFF-0620.  Mike had a strong 5/9 and reciprocated with a 5/9 for me.  I then moved down the band to 7.139 and started calling CQ.  Cliff VK2NP in Sydney responded.  This was followed by David VK5PL/p who was activating the Little Mount Crawford Native Forest Reserve VKFF-2884.

A few calls later I had my first Summit to Summit in the log for the activation.  It was with Bill VK1MCW/2 who was on the top of Mount Mundoonen VK2/ ST-053 near Yass.

As this was a first-time park activation it did not take long for a fairly significant pile up to form.  I apologise to those who did not get through.  My only advice is not to give up.  If you can’t crack the pile up, then stand by on the side, as things generally do slow down.


Above:- My shack for the afternoon.

I logged 42 stations in around 30 minutes before callers dried up on 40m.  So it was down with the squid pole and out with the 20m links and off to the 20m band.  I called CQ on 14.310 and this was answered by Mike VK6MB/2 in the Chiltern-Mount Pilot National Park.  It was great to get Mike Park to Park on another band.  Although, both out signals were much lower on this band (5/1 both ways).

I logged a total of 18 stations on 20m which included four New Zealand stations: ZL3GA, ZL1BYZ, ZL1WA and ZL4QJ.  The Australian States worked on 20m were VK2, VK4, and VK6.

I then lowered the quid pole once again and inserted the links for the 80m section of the antenna.  I logged my wife Marija VK5FMAZ on 3.615 and then saw a spot go up on parksnpeaks for Liz VK2XSE/p who was on 3.610 activating a park.  I moved down to 3.610 and logged Liz who was in the South West Woodland Nature Reserve VKFF-2724.

I then moved back to 3.615 and logged a further 5 stations, all from South Australia.  Despite conditions on that band being excellent, they were my only stations logged on the 80m band.


Above:- The 20/40/80m linked dipole, being support by the 7 metre telescopic squid pole.  Note the plane in the top right of the photo.

I moved back to 40m and called CQ on 7.144.  This was answered by Ron VK3AHR, followed by Terry VK3UP, and then Robert VK2YMU.  A few calls later Liz VK2XSE gave me a shout from the South West Woodland Nature Reserve.  Liz’s signal was much stronger here on 40m compared to 80m.

I logged a further 22 stations on 7.144 from VK2, VK3, and VK4.  This included a Summit to Summit with Gerard VK2IO/p who was activating SOTA peak VK2/ MN-112.  Perrin VK3XPT called in once again, using his Clansman military transceiver.

I saw a spot come up on parksnpeaks for Tait VK1FTRA who was activating a SOTA summit on 7.095.  Tait was on Black Mountain VK1/ AC-042 which is within the Black Mountain Nature Reserve VKFF-0834.  I quickly whizzed down there to log Tait for another Summit to Summit, before returning back to 7.144 where I logged a further 7 stations, including a Summit to Summit with Ben VK3FXBR who was activating Mount Kerang VK3/ VU-010.


Above:- The transceiver and the log.

It was time to pack up and head off to my next activation, the Kersbrook Native Forest Reserve.  It had been a terrific activation with a total of 102 contacts in the log, including 6 Park to Park contacts and 4 Summit to Summit contacts.

Thank you to everyone who called, and a big thank you to those who took the time to spot me.

I worked the following stations:-

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 7.30.08 pm.png

Screen Shot 2019-04-29 at 7.30.16 pm.png




A Compendium of the Place Names of South Australia, 2019, <http://www.slsa.ha.sa.gov.au/digitalpubs/placenamesofsouthaustralia/>, viewed 29th April 2019

Bushfire & Natural Hazards, 2019, <https://www.bnhcrc.com.au/news/2016/sampson-flat-fire-research-findings>, viewed 29th April 2019.

Forestry SA, 2016, Kersbrook & Mount Gawler Native Forest Reserves Management Plan.

Summits on the Air, 2019, <https://www.sota.org.uk>, viewed 29th April 2019