Eudunda silo VK-EDA5

My next silo for 26th April 2023, was the Eudunda silo VK-EDA5. Eudunda is located about 110 km north of the city of Adelaide.

Above:- Map showing the location of Eudunda. Map c/o Google Maps.

After leaving Kapunda I headed north on the Thiele Highway. The highway extends from Hewett north of Adelaide to Morgan in the Riverland region of South Australia. It was named after famous author Colin Thiele who lived the majority of his life in the towns along the route of the Highway.

Above:- Colin Thiele. Image c/o https://portal.eudunda.au/

Much of the Thiele Highway follows the route of the old Morgan railway line, also known as the North-West Bend railway. The first section of this now unused railway line opened from Gawler north of Adelaide. It was constructed to service the copper mining activities at Kapunda and was opened on the 13th day of August 1860. On the 23rd day of September 1878, it was extended to Morgan in the Riverland region to provide a more efficient freight and passenger connection between the Murray paddle steamers and both the city of Adelaide and Port Adelaide for ocean transport.

As I approached the town of Eudunda, I stopped briefly on the hill near the Curio Road intersection, to enjoy a view of the town. The painted silos were quite visible.

The town name of Eudunda is believed to originate from the name of a spring to the west of the town which still flows to this day, The spring was known by the local aboriginal people as judandakawi. which is believed to mean ‘sheltered water’. Alternative translations appear as Eudundacowi, Eudandakawi, or Eudundacowie.  Local theories suggest that German pronunciation of the letter j led to the current pronunciation.

The earliest known European occupation of the Eudunda area was in the late 1830s with overlapping at Narcoota and the Narcoota Track. Pastoralists soon followed with large pastoral runs being taken up for sheep grazing. This included Lachlan McBean, Frederick Hansborough Dutton (b. 1812. d. 1890), and William Russell.

Above:- Frederick Dutton. Image c/o Wikipedia.

In March 1838, four young men, all aged in their twenties and all livestock importers, formed an exploration party in Adelaide with the intention of being the first to bring livestock from New South Wales to South Australia, following the Murray River. They were seeking to find a viable route through the Mount Lofty Ranges between Adelaide and the Murray River. These pioneers were John Hill (b. 1810. d. 1860), William Wood (b. 1813. d. 1885) and Charles Willis (b. 1815. d. 1886).

After leaving Adelaide the three men travelling on horseback with packhorses, travelled through the Barossa Valley, naming Cockatoo Calley, before continuing northeast through Nuriootpa to Eudunda. They continued through the scrub to the east of Eudunda to Morgan, and then back.

Above:- Part of an article from the South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register, Sat 17 Mar 1838. Image c/o Trove.

During the late 1860s, a wine store and bar was established on the site of Eudunda Hotel Motel, by a Quaker, Henry Watson. His bar serviced passing stockmen. The founder of Eudunda was John Henry Hannan, who owned the land that was surveyed and divided for sale. In 1874 the first trading general store in Eudunda, Appelt’s General Store in South Terrace, was opened by Friedrich Gotthilf Ernst Appelt. In 1878 railway services were introduced to Eudunda with the opening of the North-West Bend Railway to Morgan.

In 1895 a group of farmers and other interested parties, attended a meeting at Mann’s Hotel (the Eudunda Hotel) to discuss the sale of firewood, predominantly from the Myrray Flats. This was the foundation of the state-wide store franchise, Eudunda Farmer’s Co-Operative Society, which later formed Eudunda Farmers.

Eudunda has always had a strong German culture due to the early settlers. During the First World War, anti-German sentiment ran high through Australian society, and this resulted in a series of events in the little town of Eudunda.

In January 1915, local Lutheran Pastor, Pastor T. Nickel, was arrested for having communicated with the then Attorney-General of South Australia, Hermann Homburg, regarding matters of naturalization. On the 12th day of February 1915, Citizen’s Forces raided the homes and businesses of local German-born and Australian-born residents. Sentries were posted outside the town stopping travellers in and out.

Above:- Article from the Border Watch, Sat 16 Jan 1915. Image c/o Trove

Eudunda has a number of historic buildings and I took a few minutes to stroll up and down the main street.

World-renowned author Colin Thiele was born at Mutter Knabe’s Nursing Home in Eudunda on the 16th day of November 1920. Thiele wrote more than 100 books, which often described life in rural Australia, particularly the Eudunda, Barossa Valley, and Murray River/Coorong regions of South Australia. Several of his books have been made into films or television series, including Sun on the StubbleThe Fire in the StoneBlue Fin and Storm Boy.

Eudunda once had a thriving railway station which was located on the Morgan railway line from 1878 until it closed. From 1914, it was the junction station for a branch running north past Point Pass to Robertstown. Today the beautiful old Eudunda railway station remains intact sitting behind a wire fence, opposite the silos.

Below is a great video on the old railway line from Eudunda to Robertstown.

The Eudunda silos were painted by artist Sam Brooks and were completed in September 2021. The murals feature children reading Colin Thiele’s book including a young Ngadjuri aboriginal child. Brooks said that his work “tells a story about two children, sharing stories about their past and their culture. These two children use these local books as a way to teach each other about their history, culture and connections to the area.”

More information on the silos can be found on the Australian Silo Art Trail website.

Below is a great video of the silos as seen by air in a drone.

I set up in the car park adjacent to the silos and operated from the 4WD, running the Icom IC-7000, 100 watts, and the Codan 9350 (1.5 m stainless steel whip). It was great to get four World Wide Flora Fauna (WWFF) park activators in the log.

Above:- Map showing the activation zone at the Eudunda silo. Map c/o SiOTA website.

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK5MAZ
  2. VK3FLAK
  3. VK4EMP/p (Dthinna Dthinnawan National Park VKFF-0587)
  4. VK3PF
  5. VK4MUD/p (Warrumbungle National Park VKFF-0520)
  6. Vk3ZSC
  7. VK5FANA
  8. VK2MOE/p (Wollemi National Park VKFF-0544)
  9. VK5GY
  10. VK5HS
  11. VK3APJ
  12. VK5YP

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK7XX
  3. VK1MAL
  4. VK4MUD/p (Warrumbungle National Park VKFF-0520)

References.

  1. Aussie Towns, 2023, <https://www.aussietowns.com.au/town/eudunda-sa>, viewed 16th May 2023.
  2. Australian Silo Art Trail, 2023, <https://www.australiansiloarttrail.com/eudunda>, viewed 16th May 2023.
  3. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiele_Highway>, viewed 16th May 2023.
  4. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgan_railway_line>, viewed 16th May 2023.
  5. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudunda>, viewed 16th May 2023.
  6. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colin_Thiele>, viewed 16th May 2023.

Kapunda silo VK-KPA5

On Wednesday 26th April 2023, I headed up to Kapunda in the Mid-North of South Australia to visit a cousin. I decided that whilst up there I would activate a number of silos for the Silos On The Air (SiOTA) program.

My first silo for the day was the Kapunda silo VK-KPA5. Kapunda is about 84 km north of the city of Adelaide.

Above:- Map showing the location of Kapunda. Map c/o Google Maps.

Kapunda is a small town that was established in 1842 following the discovery of significant copper deposits. The town is located on the Light River, named after Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor General of South Australia.

The southern entrance to Kapunda is dominated by Map Kernow ‘the son of Cornwall’, an 8-metre tall statue of a traditional Cornish miner. The statue was erected in 1988 and in 2006 it was destroyed by fire but has been rebuilt.

Kapunda is known for being the home of Sir Sidney Kidman (b. 1859. d. 1935), a major cattle pastoralist. At one stage Kidman owned 68 properties which had a total area larger than the British Iels. Kidman held annual horse sales at Kapunda where up to 3,000 horses were sold each week.

In 1921, his property Eringa was donated to the South Australian Education Department and it was used as the administration building at the Kaounda High School. In March 2022 it was gutted by fire.

I drove to the Kapunda lookout at the end of West Street and enjoyed the great view of this historic little town.

Kapunda has a number of historic buildings and a beautiful main street which I wandered up and down for a little while before heading to the silo.

And of course, no visit to Kapunda is complete, unless you visit the Kapunda historic mine site. This was Australia’s first commercially successful copper mine.

In 1842 copper ore outcrops were discovered in the Kapunda area by Francis Dutton and Charles Bagot, who both ran sheep in the district. A total of 80 acres was purchased around the outcrop and mining commenced in early 1844 following good assay reports. Copper was mined until 1879. Quarries located near the town also provided fine marble ranging from dark blue to white. This was used to face Parliament House in Adelaide.

Above:- Francis Dutton (left) and Charles Bagot (right). Image sc/o Wikipedia.

The Kapunda silos are located on the southern side of Hancock Road in the town. It is located on the old section of the Morgan (North-West bend) railway line built in 1860 to service the copper mining at Kapunda.

I parked directly opposite the silos. There was a little bit of noise on the bands, as I was in the middle of the town. I operated from the 4WD, running the Icom IC-7000, 100 watts, and the Codan 9350 antenna (1.5 m stainless steel whip). The highlight of this activation was working Doug VK9LF on Lord Howe Island.

Above:- The activation zone at the Kaunda silo. Image c/o SiOTA website.

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK5MAZ
  2. VK2MOE/m
  3. VK5GY
  4. VK3ZSC
  5. VK3SQ
  6. VK5HS
  7. VK3GJG
  8. VK5MRS
  9. VK3PF
  10. VK5YP
  11. VK2HO
  12. VK5FANA

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK4HAT
  2. VK7XX
  3. VK3PF
  4. ZL4NVW/p (ZLFF-0077)
  5. ZL1BQD/p
  6. VK9LF
  7. VK2DA
  8. ZL3RIK

References.

  1. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapunda>, viewed 16th May 2023.
  2. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light_River_(South_Australia)>, viewed 16th May 2023.

Goroke silo VK-GRE3

Our final activation for the trip (8th March 2023) was the Goroke silo VK-GRE3. Goroke is located in the Wimmera district of Victoria, about halfway between Horsham and the South Australian State border.

Above:- Map showing the location of Goroke. Map c/o Google Maps.

Goroke is believed to be an aboriginal word meaning magpie.

The Goroke area was settled in the mid-1840s by a number of pastoral runs. By the 1870s farm allotments were taken up in the Goroke area. In 1882 the Goroke township was surveyed. In 1885 a school was opened. Within a few years, Goroke had stores, a flour mill, a hotel, and a mechanics institute.

In 1903 Goroke was described in the Australian Handbook as follows:

Today the town of Goroke is based around primary production, including wool growing, fat lamb and mutton production.

The Goroke silo is a silo mural and was painted by artist Geoffrey Carran. He was inspired by the birdlife in the West Wimmera Shire. As Goroke is an aboriginal word for magpie, the Australian Magpie features heavily on the silos. Other native birds featured on the silos include the Kookaburra and Galah. The silo was completed in late 2020 and took about seven weeks to complete. The Kookaburra and Magpie are both more than 10 metres in height.

Marija and I operated from the 4WD for this activation in the carpark adjacent to the silos.

Above:- the silo activation zone at Goroke. Image c/o SiOTA website.

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK3SMW
  4. VK3PF

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK3SMW
  4. VK3PF
  5. VK5CZ
  6. VK5HS
  7. VK2IO
  8. VK3EIR
  9. VK5NZ
  10. VK2MOE
  11. VK2VKB
  12. VK3MDC
  13. VK3DX
  14. VK2YK
  15. VK5GA
  16. VK7FGGT
  17. VK3SKT

It was late and we were getting hungry, so we decided to have a meal at the Goroke Hotel. We were not disappointed….the meal was very nice.

We then continued home, about a 3 hour & 50-minute drive.

References.

  1. Silo Art Trail, 2023, <http://siloarttrail.com/works/goroke/>, viewed 5th May 2023.
  2. Victorian Places, 2023, <https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/goroke>, viewed 5th May 2023.
  3. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goroke,_Victoria>, viewed 5th May 2023.

Gymbowen silo VK-GYN3

Marija and I left the town of Mitre (8th March 2023) and we travelled west on the Natimuk-Frances Road to our next silo, the Gymbowen silo VK-GYN3.

Above:- Map showing the location of Gymbowen, Victoria. Map c/o Google Maps.

We stopped briefly at Jane Duff Highway Park. On Friday the 12th day of August 1864, seven-year old Jane Duff and her nine-year old brother Isaac and four-year old brother Frank, set out to gather twigs. They remained lost in the bush for nine days until they were located by aboriginal trackers.

Above:- the discovery of the Duff children. Image c/o Aussie Towns Facebook site.

There is an excellent monument and information board that tells this amazing story of survival.

In 1882 the Post office at Gymbowen was opened. The Gymbowen school was opened in 1891. A hotel was opened some years earlier. Gymbowen served as a coach changing stage. The railway line reached the town by 1894 and was closed in 1986.

Marija and I parked on Hennesseys Road and operated from the 4WD.

Above:- The activation zone at the Gymbowen silo. Image c/o SiOTA website.

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK5CZ
  3. VK5TN
  4. VK3AWA

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK5CZ
  3. VK5TN
  4. VK3AWA
  5. VK4FW
  6. VK8MM
  7. VK2IO

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. Vk4EMP
  2. VK4TI
  3. VK1AO
  4. VK2MET
  5. VK6JKP

References.

  1. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymbowen,_Victoria>, viewed 5th May 2023.

Mitre silo VK-MTE3

Marija and I then drove a short distance along the Natimuk-Frances Road and soon reached the little town of Mitre.

Above:- Map showing the location of Mitre, Victoria. Map c/o Google Maps.

Some historic buildings remain in the tiny town of Mitre.

The railway arrived in Mitre in 1894. The station was originally known as St Marys and was renamed in 1904 as Mitre Lake. It was then shortened to Mitre in 1920. A large bulk-head was constructed in 1951 and was demolished in 1972. In 1968 an oat shed was built. The grain silos, some remains of the platform, and a short section of track can still be found at the site. 

Marija and I parked alongside of the silos and operated from the 4WD.

Above:- the activation zone at the Mitre silo. Image c/o SiOTA website.

Marija worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK4FW
  2. VK8MM
  3. VK4HAT

Marija worked the following station on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK4FW
  2. VK8MM
  3. VK4HAT

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3NDG/m
  3. VK3APJ
  4. VK3SQ
  5. VK5CZ
  6. VK2IO
  7. VK5TN
  8. VK3PT
  9. VK7JFD
  10. VK4NH
  11. VK4DXA
  12. VK1RF

References.

  1. Wimmera Way Back When, 2023, <https://wimmera-w-b-w.blogspot.com/2012/11/railways-carpolac-line.html>, viewed 5th May 2023.

Nurcoung Flora Reserve VKFF-2417

Our final park activation for 8th March 2023 was the Nurcuoung Flora Reserve VKFF-2417. The park is located about 63 km west of Horsham in western Victoria.

Above:- Map showing the location of the Nurcoung Flora Reserve. Map c/o Google Maps.

Nurcoung once had a State School which officially opened on the 11th day of September 1886 to serve the educational needs of children whose parents were new selectors on Spring Hill Station. The first head teacher was Miss M. Manckton. Prior to the State School being built, the teachers and students utilised an old farmhouse owned by Thomas Sherrif. The school obtained desks from a closed school at Booroopki located west of Goroke. When the Nurcoung school close, the building was taken to the Goroke P-12 College and was used as a classroom.

We accessed the park via a dirt track running off Mitre-Nurcoung Road.

Above:- An aerial view of the park. Image c/o Google Earth.

The Nurcoung Flora Reserve is 588 hectares in size and was established on the 22nd day of September 1987

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3BBB
  3. VK2CCP
  4. VK1AO
  5. Vk2MET
  6. VK3APJ
  7. VK2IO
  8. VK3PT
  9. VK5WU
  10. VK3AMO

Marija worked the following station on 40m AM:-

  1. VK3PF

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3BBB
  3. VK2CCP
  4. VK1AO
  5. Vk2MET
  6. VK3APJ
  7. VK2IO
  8. VK3PT
  9. VK5WU
  10. VK3AMO
  11. VK5CZ
  12. VK2YX
  13. VK5TN
  14. VK3LF/m
  15. VK2EXA
  16. VK4FW
  17. VK8MM
  18. VK1DI
  19. VK7JFD
  20. VK5NIG
  21. VK3NDG/m
  22. VK3HY/m
  23. VK5LKJ
  24. VK3CMC
  25. VK4NH
  26. VK4DXA

I worked the following stations on 40m AM:-

  1. VK3PF

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK4EMP
  2. VK4TI
  3. VK1AO
  4. VK2MET
  5. VK4NH
  6. VK4DXA
  7. Vk4FW
  8. VK8MM
  9. KG5CIK
  10. UT5PI
  11. VK4TJ
  12. VK4EW
  13. VK6JK

I worked the following stations on 20m AM:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK4EMP
  4. VK4TI
  5. VK4FW
  6. VK8MM
  7. Vk4EW
  8. VK6JK
  9. VK4NH
  10. VK4DXA

References.

  1. CAPAD 2020.
  2. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nurcoung,_Victoria>, viewed 5th May 2023.

Mount Arapiles-Tooan State Park VKFF-0765

We then drove a short distance down the road to Mitre Rock, which is located within the Mount Arapiles-Tooan State Park VKFF-0765.

Above:- Map showing the location of the Mount Arapiles-Tooan State Park. Map c/o Google Maps.

The Mount Arapiles-Tooan State Park encompasses Mount Arapiles, Mitre Rock, and the Tooan block.

Above:- An aerial view of the park showing the different sections. Image c/o Google Earth.

The park covers an area of 7,475 hectares (18,470 acres) and was established in 1987. About 14% of Victoria’s state flora species is represented in the Mount Arapiles area.

Mitre Rock is the ‘little sister’ to Mount Arapiles.

I have previously activated and qualified this park for the World Wide Flora Fauna (WWFF) program, so I made just a handful of contacts, allowing Marija to get as many contacts as possible.

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3ZSC
  3. VK3APJ
  4. VK3UH
  5. VK3SQ
  6. VK5HAA
  7. VK2EXA
  8. VK3UAO
  9. VK1AO
  10. VK2MET

Marija worked the following stations on 40m AM:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3SQ

Marija worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK4ND
  4. Vk4DXA
  5. VK4FW
  6. VK8MM
  7. VK4EMP
  8. VK4TJ
  9. KG5CIK
  10. VK4HAT
  11. VK4EW

Marija worked the following stations on 20m AM:-

  1. VK4FW
  2. VK8MM
  3. VK4TJ

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3ZSC
  3. VK3APJ
  4. VK3UH
  5. VK3SQ
  6. VK5HAA
  7. VK2EXA
  8. VK3UAO
  9. Vk1AO
  10. Vk2MET
  11. VK5HS
  12. VK4NH
  13. VK4DXA

I worked the following stations on 40m AM:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK3SQ

References.

  1. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Arapiles-Tooan_State_Park>, viewed 5th May 2023.

Arapiles silo VK-ARS3

Our fourth silo activation for 8th March 2023 for the Silos On The Air (SiOTA) program was the Arapiles silo VK-ARS3.

Above:- Map showing the location of Arapiles. Map c/o Google Maps.

Arapiles is a small locality in western Victoria. The imposing feature in the district is Mount Arapiles. Major Thomas Mitchell discovered the mountain in 1836 and named it after a place in Spain, where his brother died at the battle of Salamanca.

Above:- Major Thomas Mitchell. Image c/o Wikipedia.

Mount Arapiles is 140 metres above sea level and is part of the Mount Arapiles-Tooan State Park.

The Arapiles silos are located on the western side of Arapiles-Grass Flat Road, just north of Natimuk-Frances Road.

Marija and I parked directly outside the gates leading to the silo. We operated from the 4WD, running the Icom IC-7000, 100 watts, and the Codan 9350 antenna (1.5-metre stainless steel whip).

Above:- the activation zone at the Arapiles silo. Image c/o SiOTA website.

Marija worked the following station on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK2EXA
  3. VK3APJ
  4. VK3SQ

Marija worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3PF
  2. VK2EXA
  3. VK3APJ
  4. VK3SQ
  5. VK7XX
  6. VK1AO
  7. VK2MET

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK4NH
  4. VK4DXA
  5. VK2IO

References.

  1. Monument Australia, 2023, <https://www.monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/exploration/display/32888-major-thomas-mitchell->, viewed 5th May 2023.
  2. Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Arapiles>, viewed 5th May 2023.
    Wikipedia, 2023, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Arapiles>, viewed 5th May 2023.

Natimuk silo VK-NTK3

Our next silo activation for 8th March 2023 was the Natimuk silo VK-NTK3 in western Victoria. Natimuk is about 332 km northwest of Melbourne, and about 24 km west of Horsham.

Above:- Map showing the location of Natimuk. Map c/o Google Maps.

Natimuk is one of my favourite little towns. It was also the home to my Nana in her final years.

Natimuk is derived from an aboriginal word meaning little creek. During 18701871 a number of South Australian farmers of German Lutheran tradition arrived in the Natimuk area and commenced farming. By 1874 a Lutheran church was opened. The township of Natimuk was served in 1875. The town was named Natimuk after the creek which empties into Lake Natimuk. In 1875 the Natimuk school was opened. Between 1875 and 1878 a flour mill was established.

There are a number of historic buildings in Natimuk, and Marija and I spent some time wandering up and down the main street admiring these old buildings.

The video below shows the town of Natimuk and nearby Mount Arapiles.

The Natimuk silos are located on Station Street, at the site of the old Natimuk railway station which has been demolished. Natimuk-based arts organisation ACT Natimuk has undertaken projections on the silos for the Natimuk Frinj Biennale.

Marija and I parked right alongside the silo and operated from the 4WD for this activation, running the Icom IC-7000, 100 watts, and the Codan 9350 (1.5-metre stainless steel whip).

Above:- The activation zone at the Natimuk silo. Image c/o SiOTA website.

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK5IS/m
  2. VK3PF
  3. VK7ALB
  4. VK1AO
  5. VK2MET

Marija worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK2IO

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK5IS/m
  2. VK3PF
  3. VK7ALB
  4. VK1AO
  5. VK2MET
  6. VK2EXA
  7. VK5BJE
  8. VK3UAO

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK1AO
  2. VK2MET
  3. VK2IO
  4. VK2LEE

References.

  1. Victorian Places, 2023, <>, viewed 5th May 2023.