An update on SA Parks

As a result of the proposed addition of some more South Australian parks for the World Wide Flora and Fauna (WWFF) program, I decided to review my list and compare it with official information.  This is a follow up to an old post back in June 2014.

https://vk5pas.org/2014/06/27/parks-in-south-australia/

The State of South Australia (S.A.) has a total of 21 National Parks and 271 Conservation Parks.  These parks are managed by the Department of Environment Water and Natural Resources (DEWNR).  SA is currently divided into 8 different Natural Resource Management regions (NRM).  They are as follows:

  1. Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
  2. Alinytjara Wilurara
  3. Eyre Peninusla
  4. Kangaroo Island
  5. Northern and Yorke
  6. South Australian Arid Lands
  7. South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
  8. South East

This is a relatively new group of regions which commenced in about July, 2013.  The seven old regions were as follows:

  1. Adelaide
  2. Kangaroo Island
  3. Murraylands
  4. Northern and Yorke
  5. Outback
  6. South East
  7. West

soesa-02-fig2-3-0423july-01_fmt

Above:- Map showing the eight DEWNR Regions.  Courtesy of http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au

Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges.

This region’s total area is approximately 11,200 square kilometres.  Around 59% of that is land and 41% marine waters.  It supports around 1.3 million people which equates to 80 % of South Australia’s population.  The region includes metropolitanAdelaide and the western side of the Mount Lofty Ranges, extending from Mallala and the Barossa in the north, to the Fleurieu Peninsula in the south.  The region also extends up to 30km into the marine environment.  The region supports remnant busland, agriculture and horticulture, urban areas, beaches, spectacular coastal scenery and marine environments.

 

Screenshot 2015-07-30 13.43.52

Above:- Map showing the Adelaide & Mt Lofty boundaries.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

The Region is divided into seven subregions as follows:

  1. Metropolitan Adelaide
  2. Northern Coast and Plains
  3. Northern Hills
  4. Central Hills
  5. Willunga Basin
  6. Fleurieu Peninsula
  7. Marine

Screenshot 2015-07-30 14.03.43

Above:- Map showing the subregions of the Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges NRM.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

There are a total of 46 parks in this region, comprising of 2 National Parks, and 44 Conservation Parks.  Parks in this region comprise nearly 17% of all parks in the State.  The parks in this Region are as follows:

  1. Aldinga Scrub Conservation Park
  2. Angove Conservation Park
  3. Belair National Park.
  4. Black Hill Conservation Park
  5. Charleston Conservation Park
  6. Cleland Conservation Park
  7. Cromer Conservation Park
  8. Cudlee Creek Conservation Park
  9. Deep Creek Conservation Park
  10. Eric Bonython Conservation Park
  11. Eurilia Conservation Park
  12. Ferguson Conservation Park
  13. Fort Glanville Conservation Park
  14. Giles Conservation Park
  15. Gum Tree Gully Conservation Park
  16. Hale Conservation Park
  17. Hallett Cove Conservation Park
  18. Horsnell Gully Conservation Park
  19. Kaiserstuhl Conservation Park
  20. Kenneth Stirling Conservation Park
  21. Marino Conservation Park
  22. Mark Oliphant Conservation Park
  23. Moana Sands Conservation Park
  24. Montacute Conservation Park
  25. Morialta Conservation Park
  26. Mount Billy Conservation Park
  27. Mount George Conservation Park
  28. Mylor Conservation Park
  29. Myponga Conservation Park
  30. Newland Head Conservation Park
  31. Nixon Skinner Conservation Park
  32. Onkaparinga River National Park.
  33. Port Gawler Conservation Park
  34. Porter Scrub Conservation Park.
  35. Pullen Island Conservation Park
  36. Sandy Creek Conservation Park
  37. Scott Creek Conservation Park
  38. Spring Mount Conservation Park
  39. Stipturus Conservation Park
  40. Talisker Conservation Park
  41. The Knoll Conservation Park
  42. Torrens Island Conservation Park (administered by the Adelaide Dolphin Sanctuary)
  43. Waitpinga Conservation Park
  44. Warren Conservation Park
  45. West Island Conservation Park
  46. Yulte Conservation Park

Screenshot 2015-07-30 13.55.57

Above:- Map showing the vegetation types in the Region.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

For more information please see…..

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/adelaidemtloftyranges/home

 

Alinytjara Wilurara

The Alinytjara Wilurara (AW) natural resource management (NRM) region covers the north west third of South Australia. In Pitjantjatjara, ‘alinytjara’ means ‘north’ and ‘wilurara’ means ‘west’.  The AW NRM region covers more than 250,000 square kilometres, stretching from the Northern Territory and West Australian borders south to the Great Australian Bight. The regional boundary extends to the edge of the State Waters (three nautical miles off-shore) in the Great Australian Bight and includes the South Australian part of the Great Australian Bight Marine Park. The land and its 340 kilometres of coastline are mostly dedicated to conservation and traditional Aboriginal use and occupation. The homelands and community townships are inhabited by approximately 4,000 people.

screenshot-2014-06-19-13-14-02

 

Above:- Map showing the Alinytjara Wilurara NRM Region.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

There are a total of 5 parks in this region, comprising of 1 National Park, and 4 Conservation Parks in this region. They are as follows:

  1. Mamungari Conservation Park
  2. Nullabor National Park
  3. Pureba Conservation Park
  4. Tallaringa Conservation Park
  5. Yumbarra Conservation Park

For more information please see….

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/alinytjara-wilurara/home

 

Eyre Peninsula.

The Eyre Peninsula region covers a significant area of South Australia (80,000 square km / 8 million ha) and includes part of the upper Spencer Gulf, the City of Whyalla, across the southern boundaries of the Gawler Ranges, past Ceduna to the edge of the Nullarbor Plain and south to the fishing hub of Port Lincoln. Native vegetation covers about 44% of the land mass.  The coastline in this region stretches for about 2,475 km in length.  The region supports a population of about 55,000 people.

epnrm-region-map

Above:- Map showing the Eyre Peninsula NRM Region.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

There are a total of 75 parks in this region, which comprises about 27 % of all of the parks in South Australia.  Here are the parks in the Eyre Peninsula Region:

  1. Acraman Creek CP
  2. Avoid Bay Islands CP
  3. Baird Bay Islands CP
  4. Barwell CP
  5. Bascombe Well CP
  6. Boondinna CP
  7. Calpatanna Waterhole CP
  8. Cap Island CP
  9. Cape Blanche CP
  10. Caralue Bluff CP
  11. Carapee Hill CP
  12. Chadinga CP
  13. Cocata CP
  14. Coffin Bay NP
  15. Corrobinnie Hill CP
  16. Darke Range CP
  17. Eba Island CP
  18. Fowlers Bay CP
  19. Franklin Harbor CP
  20. Gambier Islands CP
  21. Gawler Ranges CP
  22. Great Australian Bight National Park
  23. Greenly Island CP
  24. Heggarton CP
  25. Hincks CP
  26. Ironstone Hill Conservation Park
  27. Kathai CP
  28. Kellidie Bay CP
  29. Kulliparu CP
  30. Lake Gilles CP
  31. Lake Newland CP
  32. Laura Bay CP
  33. Lincoln NP
  34. Lincoln CP
  35. Lipson Island CP
  36. Malgra CP
  37. Middlecamp Hills CP
  38. Moody Tank CP
  39. Mount Dutton Bay CP
  40. Munyaroo CP
  41. Murrunatta CP
  42. Neptune Islands CP
  43. Nicholas Baudin Island CP
  44. Nuyts Archipelago CP
  45. Nuyts Reef CP
  46. Olive Island CP
  47. Peachna CP
  48. Pigface Island CP
  49. Pinkawillinie CP
  50. Point Bell CP
  51. Point Labbatt CP
  52. Rocky Island (North) CP
  53. Rocky Island (South) CP
  54. Ruddall CP
  55. Sceale Bay CP
  56. Searcy Bay CP
  57. Shannon CP
  58. Sheoak Hill CP
  59. Sinclair Island CP
  60. Sir Joseph Banks Group CP
  61. Sleaford Mere CP
  62. The Plug Range CP
  63. Tucknott Scrub CP
  64. Tumby Island CP
  65. Venus Bay CP
  66. Verran Tanks CP
  67. Wahgunyah CP
  68. Waldegrave Islands CP
  69. Wanilla CP
  70. Wanilla Land Settlement CP
  71. Wharminda CP
  72. Whidbey Isles CP
  73. Whyalla CP
  74. Wittelbee CP
  75. Yeldulknie Conservation Park

Screenshot 2015-07-30 17.36.45

Above:- Parks on the Eyre Peninsula.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

For more information please see….

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/eyrepeninsula/home

 

Kangaroo Island

Kangaroo Island (KI) lies approximately 15 kilometres off the Fleurieu Peninsula in southern South Australia. The island covers an area of 4,370 square kilometres and is home to approximately 4,400 people who reside primarily in the four townships, the largest being Kingscote. The island welcomes more than 160,000 visitors each year, one third of whom are international guests.

KI contains the highest proportion of remnant vegetation of all South Australian agricultural regions. Around 40% of the island is covered by native vegetation, maintaining significant areas of relatively intact ecosystems.

The region is noted for its abundant wildlife, thanks to relatively few predators and extensive native habitats. Kangaroo Island and its marine waters are home to:

  • 18 species of terrestrial mammals
  • 255 recorded bird species
  • 18 reptile species
  • 6 frog species
  • 231 recorded fish species
  • 5 kinds of seagrass
  • up to 600 species of marine algae.

screenshot-2014-06-18-23-05-02

Above:- Map showing Kangaroo Island Rehion boundaries.  Image courtesy of Kangaroo Island NRM Plan 2009 

Kangaroo Island has a total of 22 parks, consisting of 1 National Park, and 21 Conservation Parks.

  1. Baudin CP
  2. Beatrice Islet CP
  3. Beyeria CP
  4. Busby Islet CP
  5. Cape Gantheaume CP
  6. Cape Willoughby CP
  7. Cygnet Estuary CP
  8. Dudley CP
  9. Flinders Chase NP
  10. Kelly Hill CP
  11. Lashmar CP
  12. Lathami CP
  13. Lesueur CP
  14. Mount Taylor CP
  15. Nepean Bay CP
  16. Parndana CP
  17. Pelican Lagoon CP
  18. Seal Bay CP
  19. Seddon CP
  20. Simpson CP
  21. The Pages CP
  22. Vivonne Bay CP

 

Northern and Yorke.

The Northern and Yorke (NY) natural resources management region extends for 34,500 square kilometres, or more than three million hectares. It is a varied and productive portion of South Australia and includes 1,350km of coastline and adjacent marine areas.

The region encompasses the Yorke Peninsula, the northern Mount Lofty Ranges, the southern Flinders Ranges and significant areas of Spencer Gulf and Gulf St Vincent.

The region supports a population of approximately 95,000 people who reside in agricultural, coastal and urban communities. It welcomes a large number of visitors each year to destinations that include Innes National Park, the Clare Valley and the Southern Flinders Ranges.

The region includes traditional Aboriginal lands of the Kaurna, Narrunga, Nukunu, Ngadjuri, Meru, Danggali, Barngala and Adnyamathanha people.

The major urban centres are the cities of Port Pirie, Port Augusta, Clare, Kadina, Moonta and Wallaroo.

Natural resources underpin a range of industries. Approximately 80% of the region is under agricultural cropping and grazing production contributing a quarter of the South Australia’s agricultural earnings. The region embraces the major Clare Valley wine growing area, and supports significant mining and mineral processing activities, fishing, aquaculture, forestry, horticulture and tourism.

Northern and Yorke and its marine waters are home to:

  • 1,299 native species of vascular terrestrial plants
  • 33 native species of terrestrial mammals
  • 304 recorded native bird species
  • 91 native reptile species
  • 9 frog species.

screenshot-2014-06-18-23-08-44

Above:- Map of the Northern & Yorke NRM Region.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

This region is divided into three districts as follows:

  • Upper North
  • Lower North
  • Yorke Peninsula

There are a total of 24 parks in this region, comprising of 2 National Parks, and 22 Conservation Parks. They are as follows:

  1. Althorpe Islands CP
  2. Bird Islands CP
  3. Black Rock CP
  4. Carribie CP
  5. Clements Gap CP
  6. Clinton CP
  7. Goose Island CP
  8. Innes NP
  9. Leven Beach CP
  10. Martindale Hall CP
  11. Minlacowie CP
  12. Mount Brown CP
  13. Mount Remarkable NP.
  14. Mount Brown CP
  15. Point Davenport CP
  16. Ramsay CP
  17. Spring Gully CP
  18. Telowie Gorge CP
  19. The Dutchmans Stern CP
  20. Troubridge Island CP
  21. Warrenben CP
  22. Wills Creek CP
  23. Winninowie CP
  24. Yalpara CP

For more information please see…..

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/northernandyorke/home

 

South Australian Arid Lands.

The SA Arid Lands region cover over half of South Australia, taking up the state’s north-east corner to its borders with New South Wales, Queensland and the Northern Territory. The region’s environmental processes are determined by irregular rainfall and other episodic weather events that rarely follow predictable annual cycles. The region includes some of the driest parts of South Australia and has the largest percentage of intact ecosystems and natural biodiversity in the state. These iconic terrestrial ecosystems – including sandy deserts, stony plains, and the Gawler, Flinders and Olary ranges – are home to a range of unique plants and animals, many of which are only found within the region.

The human population in this semi arid region is small (less than 2% of the state) and geographically dispersed. The largest towns, Coober Pedy and Roxby Downs, are both associated with mining and are home to less than 5000 people, while the remaining scattered towns all have less than 1000 occupants.

Pastoralism is the most dominant land use, with over 400,000 square kilometres taken up by sheep and cattle stations. Large mining and petroleum companies also operate in the arid lands. Aboriginal land holdings are diverse and include pastoral leases, community managed land, indigenous protected areas and co-managed parks.

The region contains some of the state’s most environmentally significant natural resources including conservation reserves and National Parks, as well as two great inland water systems: Kati Thanda – Lake Eyre and the Great Artesian Basin.

Screenshot 2015-07-30 14.30.36

Above:- Map showing the SA Arid Lands NRM Region.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

This region is divided into the following 6 districts:

  • Gawler Ranges
  • Kingoonya
  • Marla-Oodnadatta
  • Marree-Innamincka
  • North Flinders
  • North East

There are a total of 16 parks in this region, comprising of 7 National Parks, and 8 Conservation Parks in this region. They are as follows:

  1. Bimbowrie CP
  2. Breakaways CP
  3. Ediacara CP
  4. Elliott Price CP
  5. Flinders Ranges NP.
  6. Gawler Ranges National Park
  7. Ironstone Hill CP
  8. Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre NP
  9. Lake Gairdner NP
  10. Lake Torrens NP
  11. Malkumba-Coongie Lakes NP.
  12. Pualco Range CP
  13. Simpson Desert CP
  14. Vulkathunha-Gammon Ranges NP
  15. Wabma Kadarbu Mound Springs CP
  16. Witjira NP

For more information please see…..

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/aridlands/home

 

South Australia Murray Darling Basin

The SA Murray-Darling Basin region extends from where the River Murray crosses the border from Victoria into South Australia, down to where it meets the sea at the Coorong. It covers 70,000 square kilometres and includes six distinct ecological areas:

  • River Murray
  • Coorong and Lower Lakes
  • Murray Mallee
  • Murray Plains
  • Eastern Mount Lofty Ranges
  • South Olary Plains.

The region’s natural resources support a wide range of human activities. The River Murray supplies the majority of the water needs for the capital city of Adelaide as well as other towns in the state. The natural resources also support tourism, recreation and manufacturing, as well as one of the most productive agricultural areas in South Australia. About 82% of the land in the region is used for primary production, including pastoral lands, dryland cropping, grazing, horticulture, irrigation and dairy farming.

Within the region, there are ecosystems that are of state, national and international significance, including the Ramsar-listed Chowilla Floodplain and the Coorong and Lower Lakes. As a result, there are large areas of National Parks dedicated to nature conservation.

The region is also home to a diverse range of native plants and animals, many of them under threat:

  • 95 species of native mammal, of which 45 are under threat
  • 110 species of native reptiles, of which two are endangered and five are vulnerable
  • 13 species of native frogs, with the Golden Bell Frog considered nationally vulnerable
  • 31 species of native freshwater fish, with four listed as threatened
  • 3 species of threatened native estuarine fish.

screenshot-2014-06-18-23-18-03

Above:- Map of the Region.  Image courtesy of http://www.environment.sa.gov.au

The region is divided into the following 4 districts:

  • Rangelands
  • Ranges to River
  • Riverland
  • Mallee & Coorong

There are a total of 47 parks in this region, comprising 2 National Parks, and 44 Conservation Parks.  This consists of nearly 17% of the parks located in South Australia.  The region’s parks are as follows:

  1. Bakara CP
  2. Bandon CP
  3. Billiatt CP
  4. Brookfield CP
  5. Bullock Hill CP
  6. Carcuma CP
  7. Caroona Creek CP
  8. Cooltong CP
  9. Coorong NP
  10. Cox Scrub CP
  11. Danggali CP
  12. Ettrick CP
  13. Ferries McDonald CP
  14. Finnis CP
  15. Hesperilla CP
  16. Hogwash Bend CP
  17. Hopkins Creek CP
  18. Kapunda Island CP
  19. Karte CP
  20. Kyeema CP
  21. Lowan CP
  22. Maize Island CP
  23. Marne Valley CP
  24. Media Island CP
  25. Mimbara Conservation Park
  26. Mokota CP
  27. Monarto CP
  28. Morgan CP
  29. Mount Magnificent CP
  30. Mowantjie Willauwar CP
  31. Murray River NP
  32. Ngarkat CP
  33. Ngaut Ngaut CP
  34. Pandappa CP
  35. Peebinga CP
  36. Pike River CP
  37. Pooginook CP
  38. Poonthie Ruwe CP
  39. Ramco Point CP
  40. Red Banks CP
  41. Ridley CP
  42. Rilli Island CP
  43. Roonka CP
  44. Salt Lagoon Islands CP
  45. Scott CP
  46. Swan Reach CP
  47. White Dam CP

For more information please see…..

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/samurraydarlingbasin/home

South East

The South East Natural Resources Management (SE NRM) region covers an area of approximately 28,000 square kilometres and is bounded by the Victorian border to the east, the Southern Ocean to the south and the Coorong to the west. This area of South Australia is commonly referred to as the Limestone Coast due to its proximity to the coast and the abundance of limestone located under the soil, which acts as a filter to produce high quality water.

The climate of the region is characterised by cool wet winters and mild to hot, dry summers. Average annual rainfall varies considerably within the region, from approximately 850mm in the south to 450mm in the north of the region. With a favourable climate, suitable soils and underground water, the South East has a strong history as a highly productive area that supports a diverse and profitable industry base. The region contributes about $5 billion per annum towards the South Australian GDP with more than 30% of the State’s GDP produced by the South East’s agricultural sector. The key economic activities in the region supported by natural resources include plantation forestry, wine/viticulture, agriculture, dairy, potatoes, fishing/aquaculture and their associated industries.

The region is distinguished by a series of stranded dunes that rise between 20-50 metres above interdunal plains. These plains can be inundated over winter and host a variety of internationally-recognised wetland systems, including the Ramsar-listed Bool and Hacks lagoons and part of the Coorong and Lower Lakes Wetlands. The region also hosts and extensive network of limestone sink holes and caves, which include the World Heritage Listed Naracoorte Caves.

Screenshot 2015-07-30 13.16.41

Above:- Map showing the South East boundaries.  Image courtesy of http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au

The South East Region is divided into three SENRM groups:

  • Northern
  • Central
  • Southern

screenshot-2014-06-18-23-24-30

Above:- Map showing the South East NRM Groups; Northern, Central & Southern.  Image courtesy of http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au

There are a total of 57 parks in the South East region, comprising 2 National Parks, and 55 Conservation Parks. This is about 21% of the total parks in South Australia.  The parks are as follows:

  1. Aberdour Conservation Park
  2. Bangham Conservation Park
  3. Baudin Rocks Conservation Park
  4. Beachport Conservation Park
  5. Belt Hill Conservation Park
  6. Big Heath Conservation Park
  7. Butcher Gap Conservation Park
  8. Calectasia Conservation Park
  9. Canunda National Park
  10. Carpenter Rocks Conservation Park
  11. Christmas Rocks Conservation Park
  12. Custon Conservation Park
  13. Desert Camp Conservation Park
  14. Dingley Dell Conservation Park
  15. Douglas Point Conservation Park
  16. Ewens Ponds Conservation Park
  17. Fairview Conservation Park
  18. Furner Conservation Park
  19. Geegeela Conservation Park
  20. Glen Roy Conservation Park
  21. Gower Conservation Park
  22. Grass Tree Conservation Park
  23. Guichen Bay Conservation Park
  24. Gum Lagoon Conservation Park
  25. Hacks Lagoon Conservation Park
  26. Hanson Scrub Conservation Park
  27. Jip Jip Conservation Park
  28. Kelvin Powrie Conservation Park
  29. Kungari Conservation Park
  30. Lake Frome Conservation Park
  31. Lake Hawdon South Conservation Park
  32. Lake St Clair Conservation Park
  33. Little Dip Conservation Park
  34. Lower Glenelg River Conservation Park
  35. Martin Washpool Conservation Park
  36. Mary Seymour Conservation Park
  37. Messent Conservation Park
  38. Mount Boothby Conservation Park
  39. Mount Monster Conservation Park
  40. Mount Scott Conservation Park
  41. Mullinger Swamp Conservation Park
  42. Narracoorte Caves National Park
  43. Nene Valley Conservation Park
  44. Padthaway Conservation Park
  45. Penambol Conservation Park
  46. Penguin Island Conservation Park
  47. Penola Conservation Park
  48. Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park
  49. Pine Hill Soak Conservation Park
  50. Reedy Creek Conservation Park
  51. Talapar Conservation Park
  52. Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park
  53. Telford Scrub Conservation Park
  54. Tilley Swamp Conservation Park
  55. Vivigani Ardune Conservation Park
  56. Woakwine Conservation Park
  57. Wolsley Common Conservation Park

For more information please see……

http://www.naturalresources.sa.gov.au/southeast/home

 

Resources.

Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/Home Natural Resources,

3 thoughts on “An update on SA Parks

  1. Very extensive coverage Paul. Not sure who has made up the Google Earth .kmz file in the past or where they got the data from but it would be great to have an update.

  2. Hi Chris,

    I’ve just put together a KML file of all the VK5 parks. It can be downloaded from the VK5 Parks Award website or from the files section of the VK5 Parks Yahoo group.

    Just checked it out on Google Earth and it is very handy.

    Cheers,

    Paul,
    VK5PAS

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s