Trip to Antennapalooza in VK3

On Thursday 6th April 2017 I headed over to Foster in Victoria to attend Antennapalooza, hosted by the Gippsland Gate Radio & Electronics Club.  I returned home last night, Monday 10th April.

The theme for this year’s Antennapalooza was ‘operating portable’.  I delivered 3 short presentations on operating portable from parks.  I also had a small display table.  Other presenters included Peter VK3PF, Tony VK3XV, Joe VK3YSP, and Ian VK3BUF.

Whilst away I activated 2 summits for the Summits on the Air (SOTA) program, and 8 Parks for the World Wide Flora Fauna (WWFF) program & the VK5 Parks award.  I made a total of 386 QSOs.

Below is a run down on my activations…..

  • One Tree Hill VK3/ VS-036 & VKFF-0958
    • 17 QSOs
    • 1 Summit to Summit
  • Langi Ghiran State Park VKFF-0760
    • 49 QSOs
    • 1 Park to Park
  • Enfield State Park VKFF-0757
    • 22 QSOs
  • Mount Fatigue VK3/ VT-057
    • 26 QSOs
    • 2 Summit to Summit
  • Wilsons Promontory National Park VKFF-0539
    • 59 QSOs
    • 1 Park to Park
  • Shallow Inlet Marine Park VKFF-0749
    • 45 QSOs
    • 2 Park to Park
  • Creswick Regional Park VKFF-0964
    • 48 QSOs
    • 1 Park to Park
  • Mount Buangor State Park VKFF-0766
    • 70 QSOs
    • 1 Park to Park
  • Mount Monster Conservation Park 5CP-149 & VKFF-0800
    • 50 QSOs

Thanks to everyone who called during my activations, and special thanks to those who took the time to spot me on parksnpeaks, the DX Cluster, Facebook, etc.

Thanks also to Chris VK3QB for allowing me to stay at his home during my visit.  This was a great event and I will certainly be doing my very best to be back next year.

Eric Bonython Conservation Park 5CP-062 and VKFF-0877

Our final activation for the 4th year anniversary weekend for the VK5 National & Conservation Parks Award was the Eric Bonython Conservation Park 5CP-062 & VKFF-0877.  The park is located about 100 km south of Adelaide on the Fleurieu Peninsula.

Screen Shot 2017-03-29 at 10.28.28 pm

It was just a short drive from Waitpinga, and we soon reached the park.  Eric Bonython is a small narrow park, comprising 6 hectares of native scrub.  It follows Rymill Road and sits on the top of a ridge line about 280 metres above sea level.

The park was named after Eric Glenie Bonython (1910-1971) who was an author, explorer, and conservationist.  Bonython’s chief occupation was in landholding and grazing, however he had a very wide interest in history, geography and anthropology.  He became a well known explorer of the Lake Eyre Basin, at that time one of the most mysterious geological areas on earth.

Where-the-seasons-come-and-go

The park is surrounded by cleared land used for farming purposes, particularly dairy.

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There are some nice views from the park out across the Southern Ocean, to The Pages (2 small islands) and Kangaroo Island.

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We set up in the south western corner of the park in a clearing amongst the scrub.  We extended the awning on the Toyota Hi Lux and set up the deck chairs and fold up table.  For this activation we ran the Yaesu FT-857D, and the 80/40/20m linked dipole on the 7 metre telescopic squid pole.  On 40m we ran 10 watts PEP (complying with Marija’s Foundation licence conditions), and on 20m I cranked up the power to 30 watts output.

Screen Shot 2017-03-29 at 10.28.13 pm

Above:- Aerial shot of the park showing our operating spot.  Image courtesy of Protected Planet.

There was quite a stiff breeze blowing, so the VK5 Parks Award flag was flying proudly on the top of the squid pole.

DSC_6104

I started off proceedings at Eric Bonython, calling CQ on 7.144 on 40m, which was answered by Helen VK7FOLK and Jonathan VK7JOPN who were activating the Rocky Cape National Park VKFF-0432 in Tasmania.  Their signals were incredibly strong.  Marija and I swapped the mic to log both Helen and Jonathan Park to Park.  We did the same for three other park activations:

  • Andrew VK5MR in the Lake Torrens National Park 5NP-013 & VKFF-0278;
  • Greg VK5GJ in the Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936; and
  • Brett VK3FLCS in the Lerderderg State Park VKFF-0763.

After logging 16 stations from VK2, VK3, VK5, VK6, and VK7, Marija jumped into the operators seat and called CQ.  This was answered by Dennis VK2HHA, followed by Peter VK3FOGY and then Steve VK3FSPG/VK3MPR.  It wasn’t long and Marija had a little pileup going.  Marija logged a total of 24 stations from VK2, VK3, VK5, VK7, VK8.  This included a contact with Greg VK8GM in Alice Springs in the Northern Territory.

After a bit of a wander through the park, I went back onto the mic, calling CQ on 7.139, which was promptly answered by Ivan VK5HS in the Riverland, followed by Alan VK3LSD in the Wimmera region of Victoria.  Things had slowed down a little, and I logged 10 stations from VK1, VK3, VK5, and VK7.

Marija and I then took the opportunity of tuning across the 40m band and logging a few park activators:

  • Rob VK4AAC/p, Tewantin National Park VKFF-1318
  • Chris VK5FR, Morgan Conservation Park 5CP-141 & VKFF-0911
  • Bill VK4FW/p, Mount Walsh National Park VKFF-0363

The weather was starting to move in, with the occasional shower, so we were forced to put up a side wall on the awning.  It also sheltered us a bit from the bitterly cold wind coming in off the Southern Ocean.  It was cold!  After all, the next land mass, was the Antarctic.

DSC_6110

I then called CQ on 7.105, where I worked a total of 19 stations including:

  • Peter VK3PF/p, Green Lake State Park VKFF-0967
  • Adrian VK5FANA/p, Eastern Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1706

It was nice to also log Marco VK3FTRI, and be his 1st ever contact on HF.

I then QSY’d to 14.310 on 20m and called CQ, competing with the Over the Horizon Radar which was extremely strong (S9 plus when it intermittently came on).  My first station logged on 20m was Ozren 9A7W in Croatia, followed by John VK6NU, and then Swa ON65SWA in Belgium.  I worked a total of 13 stations on 20m, but it was incredibly difficult with the radar.  Despite that it was nice to log a little bit of DX, long path to Europe: Croatia, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France and Italy.

It was now 5.45 p.m. local time and the sun was setting and it was certainly not getting any warmer.  So I headed down to 3.610 on the 80m band and started calling CQ.  Adrian VK5FANA mobile, on his way home from his park, was the first in the log.  Marija was sitting on 30 contacts, with just 14 more to go to qualify the park for the global WWFF program, and she had a ‘second wind’ of enthusiasm and took control of the mic.

Marija logged 10 stations on 80m including Bill ZL2AYZ in New Zealand (Marija’s first ever ZL contact on 80m), and Gerard VK2IO who was portable in the Columbey State Conservation Area VKFF-1303.  Marija was now on 38 contacts and needed just 6 more contacts, but QSOs soon dried up on 80m, so we lowered the squid pole and removed the 80m links and headed back to 40m.  Marija commenced calling CQ on 7.130 and soon racked up her required number of contacts, with QSO number 44 being with Steve VK3SN/p in the Alpine National Park VKFF-0619.  A nice way for Marija to get her 44, with a Park to Park contact.

DSC_6113

Marija ended up with a total of 47 contacts in the log, which included 10 Park to Park QSOs.  I had a total of 69 QSOs in the log, including 11 Park to Park QSOs.

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK7FOLK/p (Rocky Cape National Park VKFF-0432)
  2. VK7JON/p (Rocky Cape National Park VKFF-0432)
  3. VK5MR/p (Lake Torrens National Park 5NP-013 & VKFF-0278)
  4. VK5GJ/p (Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936)
  5.  VK3FLCS/p (Lerderderg State Park VKFF-0763)
  6. VK2HHA
  7. VK3FOGY
  8. VK3FSPG
  9. VK3MPR
  10. VK7KW
  11. VK3BL
  12. VK5PET
  13. VK3CJD
  14. VK3FLJD
  15. VK3TKK/m
  16. VK2QK
  17. VK3LSD
  18. VK3MRH
  19. VK2HOT
  20. VK3MNZ
  21. VK8GM
  22. VK3FRAB
  23. VK4HNS/p
  24. VK5HS
  25. VK4AAC/p (Tewantin National Park VKFF-1318)
  26. VK5FR/p (Morgan Conservation Park 5CP-141 & VKFF-0911)
  27. VK4FW/p (Mount Walsh National Park VKFF-0363)
  28. VK3PF/p (Green Lake State Park VKFF-0967)
  29. VK3FSLG
  30. VK4FDWS
  31. VK4AAT
  32. VK4LX
  33. VK3ZPF
  34. VK3SN/p (Alpine National Park VKFF-0619)
  35. VK1DI
  36. VK2GKA
  37. VK3FEVT

Marija worked the following stations on 80m SSB:-

  1. VK2IO/p (Columbey State Conservation Area VKFF-1303)
  2. ZL2AYZ/p
  3. VK3ARH
  4. VK3HRA
  5. VK5MRT
  6. VK5FANA
  7. VK3GGG
  8. VK3PMG
  9. VK2UH
  10. VK3MCK

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK7FOLK/p (Rocky Cape National Park VKFF-0432)
  2. VK7JON/p (Rocky Cape National Park VKFF-0432)
  3. VK3SQ
  4. VK5MR/p (Lake Torrens National Park 5NP-013 &VKFF-0278)
  5. VK5GJ/p (Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936)
  6. VK3FLCS/p (Lerderderg State Park VKFF-0763)
  7. VK3ELH
  8. VK3FOGY
  9. VK3LBW
  10. VK3FSPG
  11. VK3MPR
  12. VK3TL
  13. VK3EY
  14. VK6ZFG
  15. VK2NP
  16. VK2HHA
  17. VK3HS
  18. VK3LSD
  19. VK3BSG
  20. VK3GGG
  21. VK3PMG
  22. VK3FRAB
  23. VK3MRH
  24. VK3VIN
  25. VK1DI
  26. VK7DW
  27. VK4AAC/p (Tewantin National Park VKFF-1318)
  28. VK5FR/p (Morgan Conservation Park 5CP-141 & VKFF-0911)
  29. VK4FW/p (Mount Walsh National Park VKFF-0363)
  30. VK3CIB
  31. VK2SVN
  32. VK7EV/m
  33. VK3IL/m
  34. VK3NBL
  35. VK5FAKV
  36. VK3PF/p (Green Lake State Park VKFF-0967)
  37. VK3VEF
  38. VK4QQ
  39. VK6BD/7
  40. VK3VEK
  41. VK3FSLG
  42. VK3FORD/m
  43. VK4HNS/p
  44. VK5FANA/p (Eastern Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1706)
  45. VK3MIJ
  46. VK3FTRI
  47. VK5KLV
  48. VK2GPT

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. 9A7W
  2. VK6NU
  3. ON5SWA
  4. 9A3NM
  5. OZ5HP
  6. VK4QQ
  7. ON4VT
  8. DL1SPE
  9. VK4NH
  10. F4GTD
  11. IZ2QDC
  12. OO2T
  13. VK4MWG

I worked the following stations on 80m SSB:-

  1. VK5FANA/m
  2. VK3GGG
  3. VK3PMG
  4. VK3SQ
  5. VK2UH
  6. VK2IO/p (Columbey State Conservation Area VKFF-1303)
  7. ZL2AYZ/p
  8. VK3ARH

At the end of the activation we headed off to the Yankalilla Hotel for tea.  It was a nice end to another fun anniversary weekend for the VK5 Parks Award.

IMG_0171

References.

Illawong Texel Lamb, 2017, <http://www.illawongtexel.com.au/pages/where-the-seasons-come-and-go.php&gt;, viewed 11th April 2017

Waitpinga Conservation Park 5CP-243 and VKFF-0940

Our first planned park activation for Sunday morning (2nd April 2017) was the Waitpinga Conservation Park 5CP-243 and VKFF-0940.  The park is located about 113 km south of Adelaide, and about 40 km west of the seaside tourist town of Victor Harbor, on the Fleurieu Peninsula.

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Above:- Map showing the location of the Waitpinga Conservation Park, south of Adelaide.  Map courtesy of Location SA Map Viewer.

Our morning commenced with some breakfast and a nice cup of coffee. at the Deep Creek homestead.  The Western Grey kangaroos were also out and about, all around the homestead, also enjoying their breakfast.  It was quite a bleak morning, with a lot of cloud cover, and some very heavy rain overnight.  We both had our fingers crossed that the cloud cover may burn off and the weather fine up.

DSC_5989

Prior to activating the park, we detoured down to Boat Harbor Beach where we enjoyed some fantastic views out across the ocean to Kangaroo Island.  As we looked out to the south east there was some heavy shower activity which signalled some alarm bells.

The track down to the carpark is definitely for 4WD only.  You can then take a walk down to the beach where you can often see dolphins playing in the surf.  There are some great views of the park along the way.

We then headed back to Range Road and then took Illawong Road, approaching the park from the eastern side.  The weather we had seen out to the south east had now hit with vengeance.  The showers were quite heavy and our prospects of activating were not looking good.  We travelled south along Illawong Road and soon reached a ‘Road Closed’ sign.  As the track was very wet, we decided not to try out luck and we headed back to Range Road and then took Tunkalilla Road and approached the park from the west.

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The eastern side of Illawong Road

If you approach the park on Illawong Road from the west, you need to travel down through the creekline and passed the old farmhouse ruin on your right, before reaching the park boundary on your left.

 

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The western side of the creekline on Illawong Road leading down to the park

Waitpinga is a small park, and although it is just 3 hectares in size, it is very important in that it conserves the rare Coral Fern.  Waitpinga consists of low open forest of stringy bark and Pink Gum, over an under storey of bracken, tea-tree, sedges and grasses.  The park is within the extent of ‘Illawong Swamp’ which is listed as a wetland of national importance.  The park also backs on to the quite large Second Valley Forest Reserve.

Waitpinga is a corruption of the aboriginal word ‘Waitpi-unga’ which means ‘the windy place’.

The park is located about 5 km to the north west of the surf fishing beach, Waitpinga Beach, which is in turn located within the Newland Head Conservation Park.

We sat in the vehicle for around 20 minutes, waiting for the showers to clear.  Sadly they didn’t.  We then set up the awning of the Toyota Hi Lux, getting wet in the process.  For this activation we used the Yaesu FT-857d, set at 10 watts PEP for Marija, and the 90/40/20m linked dipole on the 7 metre telescopic squid pole.

Screen Shot 2017-04-11 at 10.04.28 am

We were all set up and ready to go by just after 0040 UTC (11.10 a.m. South Australian local time).  A little later than expected.  Marija started off the activation, as I had previously activated and qualified the park.  Prior to calling CQ, we tuned across the band and found Tony VK3XV/5 on 7.100 calling CQ from the Ewens Ponds Conservation Park 5CP-064 & VKFF-0796.  Tony’s signal was fluctuating severely with QSB, but was spiking up to 5/5.  We both managed to make contact with Tony who gave us a 5/1 signal report.  It was a nice way to start the activation with a Park to Park contact.

We then moved down to 7.095 and Marija started calling CQ.  But it was very slow going, with just a handful of callers.  Sadly, we had no phone coverage, so we were unable to self spot on parksnpeaks.  With just 5 contacts in the log, Marija decided to go for a walk along Illawong Road to see if she could get some phone coverage, and spot us on parksnpeaks.  Whilst Marija was doing this I jumped onto the mic and called CQ.  This was answered by Sergio VK3SFG, followed by Jonathan VK7JON, and then Gerard VK2IO who was portable in Werakata State Conservation Area VKFF-1391.  I also logged Greg VK5GJ who was portable in the Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936, and David VK3IL who was activating SOTA peak King Billy No. 1 VK3/ VE-016 located within the Alpine National Park VKFF-0619.

Marija then returned from her journey up the road and took control of the mic again, soon obtaining her 10th QSO, qualifying the park for VKFF.  I then jumped back into the chair and called CQ.  Marija and I swapped the mic to log the various Park and SOTA activators who called in.  This included:

  • Andrew VK1AD/p, SOTA Mount Stromlo VK1/ AC-043
  • Les VK5KLV/p, Munyaroo Conservation Park 5CP-154 & VKFF-0920
  • Peter VK5KPR/p, Munyaroo Conservation Park 5CP-154 & VKFF-0920

When callers slowed down, we tuned across the 40m band where Marija worked Gerard VK2IO/p in Werakata State Conservation Area VKFF-1391.  Marija had missed Gerard earlier when he called in.  And Marija also logged Greg VK5GJ in the Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936.

We then went back to 7.095, but in that short time, it had been taken up by some other stations, so we found 7.105 clear and I started calling CQ.  This was answered by Adrian VK5FANA who was activating the Minlacowie Conservation Park 5CP-135 & VKFF-0909.  Marija was also keen to log Adrian, Park to Park.  I worked another 2 stations, Craig VK3CRG and Geoff VK3SQ, before my attention was drawn to a Scarlet Breasted Robin who was quite active a few metres away from us.  Marija jumped back onto the mic whilst I took the opportunity of taking some photographs.

Marija logged a further 16 stations from VK2, VK3, VK5, and VK7, including Peter VK2PX/3 who was in the Greater Bendigo National Park VKFF-0623, Steve VK3SN who was portable in the Alpine National Park VKFF-0619, and Greg VK5ZGY who was activating the Carpenter Rocks Conservation Park 5CP-038 & VKFF-1018.

We continued our game of ‘musical microphone’ and I again jumped into the ‘driver’s seat’ working a steady flow of callers.  Marija had only intended to get 10 contacts from this park, qualifying Waitpinga for VKFF, but she was rapidly approaching 44, so we exchanged the mic so she could add some QSOs to her tally.  We also logged some more Park and SOTA activators.  They being:

  • Chris VK5FR/p, Morgan Conservation Park VKFF-0911
  • Brett VK3FLCS/p, Lerderderg State Park VKFF-0763
  • Col VK5HCF/p, Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park 5CP-225 & VKFF-0804
  • Adrian VK5FANA/p, Eastern Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1706
  • Andrew VK1DA/2, SOTA Bobbara Mountain VK2/ ST-044
  • Tony VK5MRT/p, Bullock Hill Conservation Park 5CP-265 & VKFF-0873

Other interesting contacts were with Peter VK2STO and Kevin VK2FOUZ who were operating the club call of VK2STO.  They were portable at the First Shaft lookout at the Lightning Ridge Opal Field in outback New South Wales.

Time was marching on, and we needed to get to our second park of the day, Eric Bonython.  But before going QRT I headed down to 3.610 on the 80m band and called CQ.  As we had no internet coverage I was unable to spot on parksnpeaks or Facebook.  Sadly, 5 minutes of CQ calls went unanswered.  I then moved up to 14.310 on the 20m band and called CQ.  Again, as there was no internet coverage, we were relying on luck that some park hunters would find us.  My first caller on 20m was Igor VK6ZFG, with a good strong 5.8 signal, followed by Bruce VK2HOT, Rob VK2ZH, and finally Neil VK4HNS/p in Goondiwindi.

What started off as a less than promising activation, with very poor weather, turned into a successfully qualified park.  Marija had a total of 51 contacts in the log, including 14 Park to Park contacts.  I also had a total of 51 contacts in the log, including 17 Park to Park contacts.

Marija worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3XV/5 (Ewens Ponds Conservation Park 5CP-064 & VKFF-0796)
  2. VK2LX
  3. VK7AV
  4. VK3FSPG
  5. VK3MPR
  6. VK3SFG
  7. VK3MRH
  8. VK3MRG/p
  9. VK3PAT
  10. VK7FPRN
  11. VK1AD/p (SOTA Mount Stromlo VK1/ AC-043)
  12. VK5KLV/p (Munyaroo Conservation Park 5CP-154 & VKFF-0920)
  13. VK5KPR/p (Munyaroo Conservation Park 5CP-154 & VKFF-0920)
  14. VK2IO/p (Werakata State Conservation Area VKFF-1391)
  15. VK5GJ/p (Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936)
  16. VK5FANA/p (Minlacowie Conservation Park 5CP-135 & VKFF-0909)
  17. VK3GGG
  18. VK3PMG
  19. VK3CRG
  20. VK5WG
  21. VK2PX/3 (Greater Bendigo National Park VKFF-0623)
  22. VK3FLES
  23. VK3NBL
  24. VK7JON
  25. VK2RP/m
  26. VK3NCC/m
  27. VK3SN/p (Alpine National Park VKFF-0619)
  28. VK5ZGY/p (Carpenter Rocks Conservation Park 5CP-038 & VKFF-1018)
  29. VK2YW
  30. VK3CM
  31. VK3FSTA
  32. VK2SMS/p
  33. VK3FQSO
  34. VK5FR/p (Morgan Conservation Park VKFF-0911)
  35.  VK3FLCS/p (Lerderderg State Park VKFF-0763)
  36. VK5HCF/p (Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park 5CP-225 & VKFF-0804)
  37. VK3FOGY
  38. VK3HN
  39. VK2STO/p
  40. VK2FOUZ/p
  41. VK3XL
  42. VK3VIN
  43. VK5FANA/p (Eastern Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1706)
  44. VK7QP
  45. VK1DA/2 (SOTA Bobbara Mountain VK2/ ST-044)
  46. VK5MRT/p (Bullock Hill Conservation Park 5CP-265 & VKFF-0873)

I worked the following stations on 40m SSB:-

  1. VK3XV/5 (Ewens Ponds Conservation Park 5CP-064 & VKFF-0796)
  2. VK3SFG
  3. VK7JON
  4. VK2IO/p (Werakata State Conservation Area VKFF-1391)
  5. VK3MRG/p
  6. VK5GJ/p (Stipiturus Conservation Park 5CP-220 & VKFF-0936)
  7. VK3IL/p (SOTA King Billy No. 1 VK3/ VE-016 and Alpine National Park VKFF-0619)
  8. VK3MRH
  9. VK1AD/p (SOTA Mount Stromlo VK1/ AC-043)
  10. VK3WE
  11. VK3ARH
  12. VK7PRN
  13. VK5KLV/p (Munyaroo Conservation Park 5CP-154 & VKFF-0920)
  14. VK5KPR/p (Munyaroo Conservation Park 5CP-154 & VKFF-0920)
  15. VK3FSPG
  16. VK3MPR
  17. VK2RP/m
  18. VK3VIN
  19. VK5FANA/p (Minlacowie Conservation Park 5CP-135 & VKFF-0909)
  20. VK3CRG
  21. VK3SQ
  22. VK5ZGY/p (Carpenter Rocks Conservation Park 5CP-038 & VKFF-1018)
  23. VK5FR/p (Morgan Conservation Park VKFF-0911)
  24. VK3FQSO
  25. VK3FLCS/p (Lerderderg State Park VKFF-0763)
  26. VK2PX/3 (Chiltern Mount Pilot National Park VKFF-0623)
  27. VK3XL
  28. VK3MAB
  29. VK5NAQ
  30. VK5ZRY/m
  31. VK7EK
  32. VK5HCF/p (Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park 5CP-225 & VKFF-0804)
  33. VK3FOGY
  34. VK3HN
  35. VK2SMS/p
  36. VK2STO
  37. VK2FOUZ
  38. VK3GGG
  39. VK3PMG
  40. VK5FANA/p (Eastern Spencer Gulf Marine Park VKFF-1706)
  41. VK7QP
  42. VK6ZFG
  43. VK1DA/2 (SOTA Bobbara Mountain VK2/ ST-044)
  44. VK3FVIC
  45. VK5MRT/p (Bullock Hill Conservation Park 5CP-265 & VKFF-0873)
  46. VK5AYD
  47. VK3SN/p (Alpine National Park VKFF-0619)

I worked the following stations on 20m SSB:-

  1. VK6ZFG
  2. VK2HOT
  3. VK2ZH
  4. VK4HNS/p

 

References.

Cockburn, R, “2002, South Australia.  What’s in a Name?”

Department of Environment and Natural Resources, 2011, “Parks of the Fleurieu Peninsula”.

Wikipedia, 2017, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waitpinga_Conservation_Park&gt;, viewed 11th April 2017